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Press release for Party Committee special-series press conference (Sept. 27, 2022)

2022.09.27

The External Communications Office of the
CPC Shanghai Municipal Committee this afternoon (September 27) held the fourth
media briefing of the Party Committee special-series press conferences on the
theme “forging ahead in a new journey and make contributions in a new era.”
Cheng Peng, Party Secretary and Director of the Shanghai Municipal Bureau of
Ecology and Environment, introduced the progress and achievements of Shanghai’s
ecology and environment work since the 18th National Congress of the Communist
Party of China, focusing on the theme of “resolutely fighting against pollution
and accelerating the construction of a beautiful Shanghai where humans and
nature coexist in harmony.” Xia Minglin, member of the Party Committee and
Deputy Director of the Shanghai Municipal Commission of Agriculture and Rural
Affairs, Ruan Renliang, member of the Party Committee and Deputy Director of
the Shanghai Water Authority (Shanghai Oceanic Bureau), and Tang Jiafu, member
of the Party Committee and Deputy Director of the Shanghai Landscaping and City
Appearance Administrative Bureau, attended the press conference and answered
questions from reporters.

Since the
18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, Shanghai has resolutely
implemented the decisions and arrangements of the CPC Central Committee,
thoroughly studied and implemented Xi Jinping’s thoughts on ecological
civilization, and integrated the new development concept into the city’s
overall development strategy. The city explored deep integration and practice
of the two important concepts of “lucid waters and lush mountains are
invaluable assets” and “people’s cities.” Through the joint efforts of the
whole society, the city has realized the transition from making up for
shortcomings to improving quality, from targeted governance to comprehensive
governance, and from end-stage to whole-process prevention and control. The
phased goals of the tough battle of pollution prevention and control have been
fully achieved, the urban and rural environment has taken on a new look, and
the people’s satisfaction and sense of gain have been significantly improved.
In 2020, the report on the second-round central inspection on ecological and environmental
protection pointed out that “Shanghai has achieved remarkable results in the
construction of ecological civilization and ecological and environmental
protection, and it is at the forefront of the whole country.” In the assessment
of pollution prevention and control of various provinces and cities by the CPC Central
Committee, Shanghai has been rated excellent for two consecutive years, and
ranked first in the country in 2020. 

In the past decade,
Shanghai has leveraged high-level leadership and prioritized system
construction to gradually build a grand environmental protection landscape for
the whole society. The city took the rolling implementation of a three-year
action plan for environmental protection as the starting point to address
prominent environmental problems in the process of industrialization,
urbanization and modernization in phases, while achieving remarkable results in
ecological and environmental protection and construction across society. Especially
since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the CPC
Shanghai Municipal Committee and the Shanghai Municipal Government have prioritized
the construction of ecological civilization in the overall economic and social
development, established the leading group for the construction of ecological
civilization in Shanghai, and comprehensively strengthened the overall
leadership of the construction of ecological civilization and ecological and environmental
protection. The Responsibility List of Ecological and Environmental Protection
Work in Shanghai and the Work Regulations of Ecological and Environmental
Protection Supervision in Shanghai have been released. The city has carried out
evaluation of the effectiveness of the battle against pollution in various
districts, and the system of sharing the responsibility of the Party and
government for ecological and environmental protection and the system of “one
post and two responsibilities” have been continuously improved. The concept of “lucid
waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets” has been deeply rooted in the
hearts and minds of the people, the citizens’ awareness of ecological
civilization has been significantly improved, and the general environmental
protection landscape of the whole society has basically been formed.

In the past decade,
Shanghai has insisted on treating both “symptoms” and “root causes” while
prioritizing the treatment of the latter. The city has paid more attention to
the prevention and control at the source through structural adjustment and
layout optimization. The city adhered to prioritizing evaluation in terms of yield
per mu, efficiency, energy consumption and environment, actively implemented
the carbon neutrality strategy, gave full play to the role of environmental
protection as driving force and catalysts, continuously stepped up adjustment
of the “four major structures” (energy, industry, transportation and
agriculture) and fostered new momentum for green and low-carbon development. Over
the past decade, more than 10,000 municipal-level industrial structure
adjustment projects have been completed, by ensuring efforts to address “five
violations” and ensure “four musts” (violations in land use, construction,
operation, sewage discharge and residence; Hidden safety hazards must be
eliminated, illegal and unlicensed buildings must be demolished, dirty and
messy phenomena must be rectified, and illegal operations must be banned). The Jinshan
area, Taopu, Nanda, Wujing and other key areas have accelerated green
transformation. The city has completed a reduction of 66.8 square kilometers of
low-efficiency construction land, with the land released mainly used for
ecological construction. Since 2010, carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP
and energy consumption per unit of GDP in Shanghai have both dropped by more
than 50%. By the end of 2021, a total of 677,000 new energy vehicles have been
promoted, and the operating mileage of rail transit continued to rank first in
the world. The scale of green buildings has reached 289 million square meters,
and the adoption of prefabricated buildings has been leading the country.

In the past decade,
Shanghai has adhered to a people-oriented approach and prioritized practical
results, to continuously meet the growing needs of people for a beautiful
ecological environment. The focus of ecological and environmental protection
work has been keeping pace with the times, and gradually shifted from pollutant
emissions reduction to the improvement of environmental quality and the
enhancement of ecological service functions. The city adhered to clearing up
water for the people and returning the riversides to the people. By relying on
the implementation of the action plan to prevent and control water pollution,
improve water quality assessment, supervision and information disclosure
mechanisms, the city has comprehensively enhanced infrastructure capacity for
prevention and control of water pollution. In 2018, the black and odorous
rivers were basically eliminated, and in 2020, the inferior V-class water
bodies were basically eliminated, thus fundamentally solving river pollution.
In 2021, 80.6% of the main water bodies featured quality better than Class III,
which was the best level in history. The water quality of the four centralized
drinking water sources is stable and up to standard. The aquatic biodiversity
index and fish quantity of key rivers and lakes such as Huangpu River, Suzhou Creek
and Dianshan Lake are on the increase. The Huangpu River and the core urban section
of Suzhou Creek are fully connected, and the Suzhou Creek water tourism route has
been officially launched. The city has transformed the “industrial rust belt”
into the “life show belt”, turning black and smelly rivers to beautiful boat
routes. Thus, “One River, One Creek” has become a landmark scenery in Shanghai.
Efforts have been made to improve the air environment quality. There are more
crystal days, and blue sky and white clouds become the norm. In 2021, the
annual average concentration of PM2.5 reached 27 micrograms per cubic meter,
the lowest since records were available, a decrease of 56% compared with 62
micrograms per cubic meter in 2013. The city has achieved the target in the
14th Five-Year Plan period ahead of schedule, and people’s sense of gain on the
“blue sky” has been significantly enhanced. The city has adhered to efforts to
enable people to “eat safely and live a worry-free life” by striving to solve
soil problems that threaten the safety of agricultural products and the living
environment. The safe utilization rate of contaminated farmland and plots has
reached 100%, and soil environmental risks have been effectively managed and
controlled. The city has adhered to the concept of “people’s city” as ecological
space has been greatly improved. By the end of 2021, the forest cover rate
reached 19.4%, and the per capita park green space reached 8.8 square meters. The
ecological pattern of “rings, wedges, corridors, gardens and forests” has
basically been formed, and the city has become more leisurely and livable. Efforts
have been made to create a new model of mega-city in which humans and nature
coexist in harmony. The level of urban biodiversity has gradually recovered,
and wild animals such as raccoon dogs and aurora crows have become our
neighbors. During the inspection on estuary ecology in 2021, the Yangtze
finless porpoise, a national first-class protected animal known as the “giant panda
of the water”, was observed in the mouth of the Yangtze River.

In the past decade,
Shanghai has adhered to multiple-party co-governance and refined management,
and continued to improve the modernization level of urban environmental
governance. The city continued to enhance local legislation, formulated and
revised local regulations such as Regulations of Shanghai Municipality on
Environmental Protection, Regulations of Shanghai Municipality on Prevention
and Control of Air Pollution, Regulations of Shanghai Municipality on Protection
of Drinking Water Sources, issued over 30 local standards, promoted the reform
for the compensation system of ecological environment damage, advanced the
construction of ecological civilization with rule-of-law thinking and power,
and safeguarded the base line of ecological and environmental protection. The
city continued to leverage the market system to control pollution, by taking the
lead in implementing the third-party environmental pollution control pilot project
nationwide, and promoting the comprehensive transformation of pollution
discharge charges to environmental taxes. The national carbon emission rights
trading market was launched in Shanghai, and the Shanghai local carbon market
is the only pilot market where companies achieved 100% settlement for 8
consecutive years and transaction volumes of Chinese Certified Emission
Reduction (CCER) always ranked first in the country. The city has vigorously
developed green finance, and actively promoted the pilot projects of
biodiversity finance initiative (Biofin) and green supply chain. The Pudong New
Area has become one of the first batch of climate investment and financing
pilot zones in the country. The city fully implemented the reform of pollutant
discharge permit and environmental assessment, accelerated the implementation
of major projects, and magnified the advantageous effect of the reform of the
environmental assessment system in promoting economic growth. The city continued
to consolidate the main responsibility of corporates on environmental
governance and the supervision responsibility of the “minimum unit” at the
grassroots level. It actively explored social autonomy of grassroots
organizations, accelerated benign interaction between government governance
social adjustment and enterprise autonomy, and gave full play to the role of whole-process
people’s democracy in grassroots environmental governance.

In the past
decade, Shanghai has adhered to regional cooperation, joint protection and
governance, and co-building of a green and beautiful Yangtze River Delta. The
city firmly captured the important opportunity of the integration of the
Yangtze River Delta as a national strategy, closely followed the two key words
of “integration” and “high-quality”, established and improved an all-round
cooperation mechanism for ecological and environmental protection in the
Yangtze River Delta region, and promoted the collaborative prevention and
control of pollution in the Yangtze River Delta. The city promoted the
implementation of the “Yangtze River Delta Regional Ecological and Environmental
Joint Protection Plan”, while taking the lead in promoting regional early
warning and emergency response to heavy pollution weather, coordinated control
of diesel truck pollution, joint protection and management of key transboundary
water bodies, and establishment of a “white list” for the utilization and
disposal of solid waste and hazardous waste. The city broke down the administrative
barriers by piloting and testing in the integrated demonstration zone, and
promoting system innovation that unifies regional ecological and environmental
protection standards, monitoring, and law enforcement (adopting a unified set
of standards to regulate ecological and environmental protection, a unified network
to oversee ecological and environmental monitoring and environmental protection,
and a unified measurement to implement effective ecological and environmental
supervision). It has basically realized the normal sharing of air quality
monitoring, forecast and early warning information in key cities within the
region.

Over the
past decade, under the guidance of Xi Jinping’s thought on ecological
civilization, Shanghai has initially embarked on a new path of modern
environmental governance that conforms to the characteristics and laws of a
megacity, demonstrates the characteristics of a modern socialist international
metropolis, and leads to a beautiful city.

Looking into
the future, Shanghai will adhere to green and low-carbon development, fight the
tough battle against pollution, and speed up the construction of a beautiful
home where humans and nature coexist in harmony. The 12th Congress of the CPC
Shanghai Municipal Committee put forward higher requirements for Shanghai’s
ecological civilization construction and ecological environmental protection
work. On September 5, the CPC Shanghai Municipal Committee and Shanghai
Municipal Government issued the Implementation Opinions on Deepening the Battle
of Pollution Prevention and Control and Moving on a New Journey to Build a
Beautiful Shanghai. The opinions aimed to promote the formation of a “1+1+X”
pollution prevention and control system, by identifying eight special actions
on pollution prevention and control for water, air, and soil, and putting
forward a series of binding indicators. For example, the city’s PM2.5 annual
average concentration should be stably controlled below 30 micrograms per cubic
meter by 2025, and the ratio of days with good air quality should be more than
90%.

Shanghai
will further consolidate the ecological environment as the foundation of urban
development, make the green color the most attractive background color and the
warmest color for the city, and build Shanghai into a beautiful home with bluer
sky, greener space, cleaner water, and better living conditions where people
and nature can co-exist in harmony.