| 中文版 |

Press release for Party Committee special-series press conference on the theme ‘forging ahead in a new journey and make contributions in a new era’ (Sept. 20, 2022)

2022.09.20

The second media briefing of the Party Committee special-series press conference on the theme “forging ahead
in a new journey and make contributions in a new era” was held this afternoon
(September 20). Xu
Feng, Secretary of the CPC Shanghai Municipal Working Committee of Science and
Technology, gave a briefing on the development and achievements of scientific
and technological innovation in Shanghai over the past decade, with a focus on
the theme of “climbing the sci-tech peak and empowering high-quality economic
and social development.” Ma Xingfa, Secretary of the Party Group and Vice
Chairman of the Shanghai Association for Science and Technology, Hu Jinbo, Dean
of the Shanghai Branch of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Deputy Secretary
of the Sub-Party Group, Lu Min, Member of the CPC Shanghai Municipal Working
Committee of Science and Technology, and Deputy Director of the Science and
Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality, and Shi Qian, Party Secretary
and Director of the Shanghai Institute for Science of Science attended the
press conference and answered questions from reporters.

Over the past 10 years, General Secretary Xi
Jinping has attached great importance to and cared about scientific and
technological innovation, and has made a series of important instructions and
requirements for Shanghai to build a scientific and technological innovation
center with global influence. Shanghai’s scientific and technological
innovation in the past decade was a journey of innovation-driven development
that prioritized “innovation, reform, and opening up.”

This is the decade
of innovation: Shanghai’s sci-tech capabilities reach a new level

R&D investment across society in Shanghai has
increased from 67.946 billion yuan in 2012 to 181.98 billion yuan in 2021. R&D
investment intensity has risen from 3.31% to 4.21%. A number of major original
achievements have emerged, and the endogenous driving force for science and
technology to empower high-quality development has been enhanced. The city is
now among the world’s major innovative cities in terms of comprehensive capabilities
of sci-tech innovation. In 2021, Shanghai was ranked 8th among the
top global science and technology clusters.

Targeting the world’s cutting-edge science and
technology, the city’s original innovation ability has been significantly
enhanced. A number of Shanghai Achievements have emerged, including 10-petawatt
laser amplification output, the world’s first cloned monkeys using somatic
cells, and the first international artificial single-chromosome eukaryotic
cell. In 2021, projects led by Shanghai won the highest science and technology
award, the top prize of the National Science and Technology Progress Award, the
first prize of the National Natural Science Award. In 2022, the soft X-ray installation
realized echo-enabled free electron laser with the shortest wavelength in the
world. As of the end of 2021, Shanghai had taken the lead in undertaking 929
major national special projects and 554 national key R&D projects, ranking
the top in terms of funding and projects.

Targeting the country’s major needs, the city’s strategic
scientific and technological strength has been boosted. Under unified
leadership and deployment of central authorities, the city has accelerated the
construction of the national laboratory system. The reorganization of national
key laboratories has taken solid steps, and a group of state key laboratories
in Shanghai have successfully entered the first batch to undergo restructuring.
The construction of major scientific and technological infrastructure clusters
has been accelerated. A total of 14 major national scientific and technological
infrastructure projects have been built or are under construction. The world’s
largest, most diverse, and most comprehensive photonics massive scientific
facilities cluster has taken shape. High-level research institutions and
research-oriented universities have accelerated development, including a number
of new R&D institutions focusing on the frontiers of science and technology
globally, such as Tsung-Dao Lee Institute, Shanghai Research Center for Quantum
Sciences, and Shanghai Research Center for Brain Science and Brain-Inspired
Intelligence. The Shanghai Branch of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fudan
University, and Shanghai Jiao Tong University, piloted the Basic Research
Special Zone plan to strengthen frontier exploration and key technological
breakthroughs in basic science. The cultivation and development of leading
scientific and technological enterprises has been continuously accelerated. A
group of open innovation platforms led by leading enterprises have been created
to advance in-depth cooperation between industry, universities and research
institutes, and collaborative innovation between large and medium-sized
enterprises, thus effectively enhancing basic capabilities of the industry and
the modernization of the industrial chain. A number of future-oriented leading technology
companies in various sectors have accelerated growth. As of the end of August 2022,
71 Shanghai-based companies had gone public on the Science and Technology
Innovation Board, with a total market value of over 1.4 trillion yuan.

Targeting the main economic battlefield, the city
accelerated the cultivation of new drivers of high-quality development. The
city focused on the key core technologies of the three leading industries and
continued to enhance the ability for independent innovation. The basic
capabilities of the integrated circuit industry have been further enhanced. The
city supported the construction of “More than Moore” 8-inch MEMS R&D pilot
line and silicon photonics pilot R&D line, and made breakthroughs in key
technologies such as complete processes and equipment materials. The city has
built open innovation platforms in the fields of IC materials, equipment and
process devices, with a number of innovative technology achievements such as advanced
radio frequency and millimeter wave. The city’s biopharmaceutical innovation
and R&D capabilities have been improved. In the past 10 years, 16 Class I
innovative drugs, including CAR-T cell therapies, have been developed. Among
them, eight were developed in 2021, accounting for about one-fourth of the
country’s total. A total of 1,802 Class III medical devices, including
whole-body 5T magnetic resonance imaging equipment, have been approved for launch.
Among the top 20 pharmaceutical companies in the world, 14 have settled their
R&D headquarters or innovation centers in Shanghai. The innovation layout
and application of artificial intelligence has been accelerated. The city has created
the first pilot zone for AI innovation and application in China, and advanced
the construction of the National New Generation AI Innovation and Development
Pilot Zone. Multiple innovative achievements in the fields of autonomous
intelligence, autonomous generalization, cognitive fusion, robust credibility, have
emerged, and they were applied to the world’s first 5G+L4 intelligent demonstration
line for heavy trucks and other major scenarios of smart economy and society. The
city supported and led the innovation and development of emerging industries.
It has developed Conflux OS with web 3.0 technology. The Zhurong rover which
was developed mainly in Shanghai has been successfully launched. The unmanned
submersible Siyuan completed its deep-sea trial by diving up to 8,072 meters
below water surface. A number of independent R&D achievements have emerged
in the key components of fuel cell vehicle stacks, power systems and vehicle
projects. Breakthroughs have been made in key technologies such as digital
twins, intelligent manufacturing and robotics.

Targeting people’s lives and health, the city has
leveraged science and technology to effectively improve people’s livelihood and
well-being. The city has planned and implemented major municipal science and
technology projects on carbohydrate drugs and Alzheimer’s disease pathogenesis,
carried out research and development of proton heavy ion medical equipment,
built Shanghai International Medical Science and Technology Innovation Center,
and accelerated the cultivation and construction of a number of clinical
medical research centers, technology innovation centers and key laboratories. In
terms of the development of a green and eco-friendly city, Shanghai has successfully
developed Asia’s first 11 MW direct-drive offshore wind turbine, took the lead nationwide
in launching low-carbon technology research, initiated the establishment of
Shanghai Carbon Neutrality Innovation Alliance, compiled the Shanghai
Implementation Plan to Leverage Technology to Support Carbon Peak and Neutrality
Ambition and promoted the construction of a green technology bank.

This is the decade
of reform: Shanghai’s sci-tech system reform is in full swing 

The city adopted a two-pronged approach on scientific
and technological innovation and system and mechanism innovation and formed an
innovation policy system that included 22 Measures on sci-tech innovation, 25
Measures on sci-tech reform, the Regulations of Shanghai Municipality on
Promoting the Construction of the Science and Technology Innovation Center, as
well as reform and supporting policies in various key areas.

The city identified an overall goal and
comprehensively promoted reform. In 2015, the CPC Shanghai Municipal Committee
and the Shanghai Municipal Government issued 22 Measures for Promoting the
Construction of the Science and Technology Innovation Center in Shanghai, which
clearly put forward the overall system reform goal of “promoting reform through
opening up and breaking all ideological barriers and institutional barriers
that restrict innovation.”

The city followed a main development priority to plan
a number of major reform measures. In 2019, in order to promote the in-depth
reform of the sci-tech system, and enhance capabilities to foster innovation, Shanghai
issued the 25 Measures for the implementation of science and technology reform,
and made in-depth plans and scientific layouts for major system reform issues that
matter for the overall situation.

The city unveiled a number of laws and
regulations and supporting policies to aid scientific and technological
innovation. In 2017, the Regulations of Shanghai Municipality on Promoting the
Transformation of Scientific and Technological Achievements were promulgated,
providing strong support for promoting the transformation of scientific and
technological achievements. In 2020, the Regulations of Shanghai Municipality
on Promoting the Construction of the Science and Technology Innovation Center
were promulgated and implemented, so as to solidify and upgrade effective
reform measures. Around the 22 Measures on sci-tech innovation, Shanghai has
successively introduced a number of supporting policies on talent reform,
state-owned enterprise innovation, technology and finance, financial support,
and achievement transfer and transformation. In order to refine the implementation
of the 25 Measures on sci-tech reform, more than 10 supporting policies have
been issued in terms of expanding the autonomy of scientific research
institutions and promoting the innovation and development of new R&D
institutions.

The city explored delivery of major pilot reform projects.
It implemented the comprehensive innovation reform pilot plan approved by the
State Council. Among the two batches of 36 innovation reform measures to be
replicated and promoted nationwide, one-quarter of them were “Shanghai
experience.” The overall budget system, self-recommendation for key industrial
technology projects and other reform measures have been implemented widely. The
city carried out the pilot project of granting scientific research personnel
the ownership or long-term use rights of scientific and technological
achievements. The city supported Shanghai Jiao Tong University in implementing
the special reform of national scientific and technological achievements
transformation. A batch of replicable experiences and practices have been promoted
and consolidated in an accelerated way. 

This is the decade
of opening up: Shanghai’s global influence on science and technology rise
significantly

On one hand, Shanghai’s capabilities to gather
innovation resources across China and globally have been improved. The
construction of the National Technology Innovation Center in the Yangtze River
Delta has been accelerated, and the G60 Science and Technology Innovation
Corridor now brings together more than 36,000 high-tech enterprises, and more
than 1,300 incubators and maker spaces. The Yangtze River Delta Science and
Technology Resource Sharing Service Platform gathers 23 major science and
technology infrastructure projects, 315 national-level scientific research
bases, and more than 40,000 sets of scientific instruments, with a sharing rate
of over 90%. The number of high-tech enterprises in Shanghai has grown rapidly
from 4,311 in 2012 to more than 20,000 in 2021; 516 foreign-funded R&D
centers have settled, and five international science and technology organizations
have set up representative offices in Shanghai. Shanghai is increasingly
becoming a very attractive destination for innovation, entrepreneurship and
investment. As of 2021, the number of foreign talents holding permanent
residence permits in Shanghai accounted for about one-third of the country’s
total, and the cumulative number of foreigners’ work permits issued accounted
for about one-fourth of the country’s total. Shanghai has been selected as the
most attractive Chinese city in the eyes of foreign talents for 11 consecutive
years.

On the other hand, Shanghai has become an
important participant in international scientific and technological
cooperation. International scientific research cooperation and joint research
have become increasingly active. Massive scientific plans and projects such as
the Whole Brain Mesoscopic Neural Connection Atlas, the International Human
Phenome Project, and the International Ocean Discovery Program have been
accelerated and implemented. A number of major achievements such as the world’s
largest database for mouse single-neuron projectome have been created. The city
took actions to get integrated into the global innovation network by signing intergovernmental
scientific and technological cooperation agreements with more than 20 countries
and regions on five continents. With the Belt and Road scientific and
technological innovation action plan, the city has co-built 28 joint
laboratories in 23 countries, and 14 international technology transfer and
incubation service platforms. After 15 years of development, the Pujiang
Innovation Forum has attracted a total of more than 2,000 experts, scholars and
entrepreneurs from nearly 60 countries and regions, reaching more than 230
million people online and offline, thus effectively promoting cooperation in terms
of technology, talent, projects, and institutions. The World Laureates Forum has
set up international science and technology awards for global scientists. The
INNO-MATCH Expo is accelerating the construction of a technology transfer
network based on Shanghai, covering the Yangtze River Delta and expanding
across the world.

In the new development era, Shanghai will
continue to resolutely implement the spirits of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s
instructions on scientific and technological innovation and requirements for
Shanghai’s scientific and technological work, make every effort to accelerate
the construction of the science and technology innovation center with global
influence, and empower high-quality development, high-quality life, and
high-efficiency governance.