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The 11th Congress of the CPC Shanghai Committee

Jun 19, 2017

The CPC Shanghai Committee held a press conference on May 3 on the 11th Congress of the CPC Shanghai Committee. The following are the highlights:

Yin Hong, deputy secretary, CPC Shanghai Committee
Wang Yongwei, member, Standing Committee, Shanghai Municipal Committee for Discipline Inspection
Leng Weiqing, deputy director, Organization Department, CPC Shanghai Committee
Yan Jun, deputy director, Shanghai United Front Work Department

People’s Daily: Why has Shanghai chosen to promote reforms by implementing the No. 1 Project? We have also noticed that all the topics chosen for No. 1 projects relate to hot issues of social reform. What does the government take into consideration when choosing these issues? No. 1 projects have yielded institutions and regulations. How are these institutions and regulations working now?

Yin Hong: Our municipal Party committee has formed a good working system. Every year, the committee puts forward some key research projects and tasks. The No. 1 Project is promoted by the leaders of the city’s CPC committee. The No. 1 projects cover major issues related to the city’s social reform and long-term development. For example, the No. 1 Project for 2013 concerned the selection and training of young cadres. In 2014, the No. 1 Project was making innovations on the management of grassroots society. The project for 2015 was the construction of the scientific innovation center. The No. 1 Project for 2016 was putting forth efforts to lengthen the short stave which refers to weak points of the city’s safety and management. However, these four No. 1 projects are somehow linked with each other because we have developed cadres to enhance the power of grassroots which can give support to the future development of the city.

We are trying to promote our social management work through the No. 1 projects because we need to target certain social problems and solve them. The topic of the projects are usually chosen from the hot issues of social management discovered when city leaders visit grassroots neighborhoods, communities and villages. They listen to different opinions from grassroots groups and view these social issues with historical dialectics which offers a long-term vision of the city’s development.

As for the results we have achieved, we have made a number of institutional achievements and some of them have been retained as local laws or regulations. Firstly, we have established a special work promotion mechanism. When working on a project, we establish leader groups at national and municipal levels and build work promoting teams to ensure that the work is coordinated well and goes on in an orderly manner. At the end of each quarter, the leader group supervises the work progress, summarizes the achievements and puts forward requirements for the next step. Secondly, we follow these No. 1 Project issues for years and continue to improve our institutions.

Over the past few years, all the No. 1 projects have yielded good results. We have selected 415 young cadres and the proportion of cadres managed by the municipal Party committee aged over 55 has dropped from 50.6 percent in 2013 to 38.1 percent. The average age of district Party and government leaders is 47.6, 2 years younger than that of the previous session; as for innovations on grassroots society management, the communities have strengthened public management, public service and public security, formed social management patterns of multi-governance and solved social problems with power from grassroots organizations. Besides, the city has introduced large scientific facilities, promoted national laboratory construction, and built a number of functional platforms of generic technology research and development. High-level foreign talents can now easily apply for permanent residency and the applications have increased eightfold. The number of foreign-invested R&D centers has reached 400. As for lengthening the short stave, the city has focused on environmental improvement and the demolition of illegal buildings in recent years. In 2015 and 2016, the city demolished more than 65 million square meters of illegal buildings.
CCTV: I would like to ask about the grassroots Party building work. In the past, we found that employees in foreign-invested enterprises were relatively aloof from Party organizations. However, in the last two years we have seen more service stations for grassroots Party building. What innovations will be made on Party building work in various fields and for different parts of the city? What will the work focus on?

Yin Hong: We have paid much attention to grassroots Party building in recent years. The most important support power of Party work lies in grassroots society. Social contradictions are reflected sharply and obviously in grassroots communities. Shanghai is a mega city with a population of more than 24 million. The grassroots Party building faces some new challenges as the city changes rapidly in economic pattern, social environment and people’s requirements. For example, there are many blind spots in the coverage of Party work and grassroots organizations. According to President Xi, we should strengthen grassroots Party building in social management and explore a new method of grassroots Party building on the principle of energetic organizations, efficient Party members and more benefits for the people.

Firstly, we shall expand the coverage of the Party building work. We will expand the coverage of Party building work at new economic organizations and new social organizations which are at 61 and 59.8 percent, respectively, currently. In recent years, Party building work at business buildings, industrial parks and commercial areas has been enhanced. The service stations serve as a platform to coordinate and lead emerging groups in Party building work.

The second is to make innovations on the institution and mechanism. Neighborhoods and communities are the bases of grassroots-level Party building. In recent years, we have established the new “1+2” institutions for Party building. The “1” refers to Party working committees and the “2” refers to Party committee of communities and neighborhoods. The new institutions can strengthen the leading role of Party working committees and help promote regional Party building work. We’ve also adjusted the functions of community institutes and stopped communities from inviting investment to make them focus more on grassroots Party building work and public service.

Thirdly, we have transferred and lowered the emphasis of management to the grassroots level. We will send more law enforcement officers to grassroots communities and delegate the power of personnel assessment and appointment to lower levels. The number of staff members at district and municipal government institutes will be cut to offer more posts at grassroots units.

The fourth step is to enhance team building. We will develop more village secretaries with excellent skill-sets. Now the average age of village secretaries is 48 and more and more well-educated young leaders have emerged.

The fifth is to increase the citizens’ sense of gain. We will help Party members to hold events and improve the Party building service by establishing related service centers and stations. Besides, we are pushing Party building through handling hot social management issues such as promoting the comprehensive management of residential areas and accelerating the transformation of old residential areas.

Next, we will deepen and improve the Party building work. First, we will further deepen the mechanism so that Party building work leads to self- and joint social management. Secondly, we will improve weak points, enhance the power of grassroots units and improve service to strengthen Party building work in various fields. Besides, we will explore grassroots Party building in rural areas and achieve some institutional results.

Thank you! The 6th plenary session of the 18th CPC Central Committee has included four forms of discipline supervision in the principles for inner-party supervision. How have Shanghai municipal discipline inspection authorities been conducting their work in this regard? How many cases have been cracked? How many director-level officials were involved and how have the eight disciplines been implemented over the past five years?

Wang Yongwei: Thank you for your concerns over a clean administration and for anti-corruption work. As you have mentioned, the four forms have been written into the inner-party supervision rules, which is the first time that such rules have been confirmed as an inner-party rule. The four forms refer to: talks and inquiries in time for minor mistakes; minor punishment and adjustment in the organization for stepping out of line; severe punishments and demotion for serious breach; and for the few who seriously cross the line and even break the law, judicial authorities will step in.

As a tool for party management, the supervision is not only in the hands of the discipline inspection sector, but also undertaken by the Party itself, in cooperation with other organizations.

For Shanghai alone, municipal discipline authorities have handled 23,095 leads, verified 14,967 of them, held 4,661 conversations, clarified 14,530 cases and given correction talks to 681 officials. Light disciplinary sanction was imposed on 3,272 people while 3,248 received serious sanctions. Altogether 442 people were transferred to judicial administrations, including 17 director-level officials and 57 chief-level officials. Take 2016 for example. In the four forms, there were 4,390 people, and 68.2 percent in the first form, 19.6 percent and 1,260 people in the second form, 7.3 percent and 471 people in the third and 4.9 percent and 318 people in the fourth form.

As for the eight rules from the central committee, 809 have been identified in Shanghai over the past five years. A total of 1,367 people involved were penalized, with 820 receiving disciplinary sanctions, including 67 director officials and 266 chief officials. Meanwhile, the breaches have been named and reported over the past five years, namely 324 cases involving 528 people, including 36 director officials and 167 chief officials. Thank you.

Phoenix Satellite Television: An anti-corruption TV series “In the Name of People” has become popular lately. Here is my question. For the past five years Shanghai has been implementing a system for individual officials to report their relevant issues. How is the system going and how many people have been questioned for dishonest reports? Shanghai has many investment channels as an international finance city. Will there be more complicated supervision?

Leng Weiqing: Thanks for the concern and we welcome supervision from the media. Shanghai has been following the central requirement on the individual issue report system and also released in 2008 tentative provisions on officials reporting significant items upon promotion based on Shanghai’s actual situation. In August 2013, we were the first to lead individual checks on municipal officials who were in for a promotion. This has provided reference for later official review.

According to the Central Organization Department’s requirements, about 35,000 officials at the level of deputy division chief and above, including those in public institutions, have to report about their individual business each year. Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, Shanghai has spot tested over 22,000 officials, including 9,000 who were to be promoted or transferred to important posts. In the end 360 of them were referred to correction talk or had their promotions cancelled due to dishonest reporting. Regular check-ups and serious results have guaranteed honest reporting among Shanghai officials.

In February, the General Office of the Central Committee and the General Office of the State Council issued relevant rules on officials reporting individual matters and corresponding treatment rules for officials. Several adjustments were made compared to previous editions. In making their reports the key objects of Party officials have been highlighted and the range of reporting for part of the public institutions and SOE officials has been adjusted. Second, the content to report has been added and highlights the family property status that is closely related to the official’s position. Third, relevant rules have been improved to better implement the report and check-up system.

From the report results in recent years, it can be observed that real estate, stock, funds and investment-oriented insurance are the main channels for Shanghai officials to invest and usually these are closely linked with their status and authority. The revised regulations have made specific requirements on such property reports. As for depository treasury notes and bank deposits, these will be covered in the report at a proper time.

Xinhua News Agency: My question is also about municipal officials. Shanghai launched a series of principles in 2015 to regulate officials’ spouses and children in running business. How are these principles functioning over the past two years? Are there any new statistics?

Leng Weiqing: The regulation on business behavior of officials’ relatives is an important part of the governmental agenda to pilot central requirement for strict official management. The pilot project was set to be carried out in Shanghai in February 2015 and tentative provisions were released on May 1. According to President Xi’s instruction to trial it first in Shanghai, we have been steadily pushing forward the work to formulate a mechanism that operates well and is open to checks and accountability.

From May to October 2015, we followed the central instructions and regulated relative business behaviors in the range of Party institutions, people societies and public institutions. Overall 1,800 officials on the list submitted specific reports and 180 in the end were required to rectify their mistakes. For the first half of this year, a review of 100 official relatives who chose to withdraw from business was carried out and they were given corresponding treatment based on different standards. We also launched standards to regulate relative business behaviors of 300 municipal officials in colleges, hospitals, research institutes and relevant units. More than 40 officials need correction.

Generally speaking, the official teams have been stable and operating well. The pilot in Shanghai shows the trust of the central government and is therefore a significant task for the city. We have undertaken the task with great responsibility and an eye on the bigger picture to strictly regulate ourselves. People from all walks of life have been giving us positive feedback on this mission.

STV: At the beginning of this year, the Shanghai Municipal Committee said at a meeting that the inspection would cover all officials, which would be like a sword hanging over their heads. So, what’s the next step to strengthen political inspection?

Wang Yongwei: The Party Central Committee has revised provisions on inspections based on the current situation to carry out official self-discipline. To summarize, the work aims to issue a warning to officials, pin down problems and urge transformation. Our inspections are like cameras spotting the problems in time and raising the alarm. In performing the work we stand firm on our political positioning and stick to the Party’s leadership. In identifying the problems we have pinned down the need to strengthen the Party’s leadership, mend the defects and enhance regulation. We have integrated different methods, including specific item inspection and combined inspection, to reach full coverage on official supervision. By the end of last year, the full coverage was completed. During the process, we have kept a clean and detailed record of the official issues; we are ready to check the responsibilities, follow the correction process and review later until the problem is solved. An accountability system has been set up to ensure a complete, powerful and constant crackdown.

Since the 10th Shanghai Municipal Party Congress, a total of 271 units have been inspected in 15 missions. A total of 2,644 issues were found with 1,198 correction opinions given and 1,051 leads transferred for later process. Among the transferred, 195 individuals were filed; 5,809 individuals were moved to other posts, received warnings or corrections. The refund received totaled 106 million yuan. The inspection has become an important source for the committee to hunt down problems.

Jiefang Daily/Shanghai Observer: Last year democratic parties in Shanghai carried out specific inspections on the regional comprehensive environment treatment. How did it turn out? Will there be any other specific inspections this year? Is there any other plan to cooperate with democratic parties in urban construction and building people’s livelihood?

Yan Jun: Thank you for your concerns. The Shanghai Committee of the CPC values democratic parties’ support and supervision in administration. For the past five years, democratic parties in Shanghai have looked into issues, conducted broad research and offered constructive advice in the construction of the free trade zone, the science and technology center and the 13th Five-Year Plan, comprehensive environment treatment and other projects, which became important references for the Shanghai Committee of the CPC to make decisions.

Last year, the Shanghai Committee of the CPC entrusted the democratic parties with the task of inspecting the comprehensive environment treatment, which was an innovative move to let the parties play their roles in the best possible manner. There are 16 districts and eight democratic parties in Shanghai; so each democratic party was given two districts to focus on the progress of the work, build a long-standing mechanism and crack the difficulties. It went well. The democratic parties visited the sites, held topical discussions and made other attempts to complete the task. On March 1, Shanghai Party Secretary Han Zheng held specific discussions with the democratic parties, who briefed him on their supervision of the environment treatment.

In 2017, the Shanghai Committee of the CPC will assign supervision work on food safety rules in the city to democratic parties. Meanwhile, the supervision on the comprehensive environment will be strengthened. Besides, they will also undertake the supervision task to construct Chongming Island into a world-class ecological island in the 13th Five-Year Plan period.

Next we will continue to support the democratic parties’ work in urban construction and people’s livelihood in Shanghai. For example, in the latter half of this year, a survey will be carried out on the global city development goal and to strengthen Shanghai’s core urban functions. The economic development in 2017 and work schedule in 2018 as well as people’s health and food safety issues are also on the agenda.

In daily work, the democratic parties will continue to give suggestions and support the Shanghai Committee of the CPC by handing over proposals and transferring people’s opinions. Thank you!