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The promotion of Shanghai community police affairs reform and social co-governance

Jun 7, 2017

The Shanghai Municipal Government’s Information Office held a press conference on April 27 on the promotion of Shanghai community police affairs reform and social co-governance. The following are the highlights:

Chen Zhen, deputy director and spokesman, Shanghai Public Security Bureau
Dai Min, director general, Public Security Management Squad, Shanghai PSB

Shanghai Radio: What city management problems have the community policing reforms solved? For example, what role does community police play in solving the parking problem?

Chen Zhen: We have been promoting community policing work at grassroots communities and have built a window to serve the masses directly.

For example, the number of vehicles in Shanghai has increased much faster than the number of community parking places. We are actively integrating resources and have taken a series of measures, including sharing temporary parking places, to solve the problem. For instance, community police officers at Meishan Xinyuan Community in Putuo District put forward the “red line” concept (it refers to the borders marked on the planning map of developers’ land ownership certificates, parking lots can be built within the borders). Following talks and coordination among the community police, developers and the government, more than 70 parking places were added in the area to ease the burden of parking. Besides, community police officers of Yangpu Zhonghe Community have released parking spots at institutes near the community during nighttime.

CCTV: Why has Shanghai promoted the community policing reforms this time? How do the reforms portray the refined management of the mega city?

Chen Zhen: The city’s modern community policing mechanism is a result of our comprehensive public security reform. Currently, we will transform and improve the working ideology and mechanism of community policing work to meet the fast changing social conditions.

President Xi called for innovative actions in social management during the panel discussion with the Shanghai delegation to the 12th NPC. Xi said that the city needs precise and refined management measures, which is like “doing embroidery”. Our community policing work is to integrate into the grassroots level and to administer the community systematically.

The first step is to “make a blueprint,” which means setting a clear goal to build a safe community and better serve the residents.

The second step is to “grind the needles”, which means improving the role of community police officers. The community police officers will become organizers and vanguards of safe community construction.

The third step is to prepare the “thread” which means that community police officers should organize and connect social resources to promote multiple governance of the community.

To sum up, we can do the “needlework” well only by finishing the steps above. Currently, we are making efforts to build a public security precaution network system.

Xinhua Agency: According to statistics, since the reforms began, the number of community police officers increased 23.5 percent from the same period last year. Changes have taken place in many aspects, including community police offices and appraisal methods. What specific changes can we see in the working content and methods of community police officers?

Chen Zhen: Currently, the working standard of the city’s public security department has been raised from “public security” to the highest “anti-terrorism” level. The work and duty of community police will be extended and enriched in five aspects: population management, grasping social conditions and public opinion, security precaution work, maintaining social order and organizing mass work.

Community police will get deep among the masses to get all kinds of information, which can help police officers to catch up with changes in social conditions.

The city has achieved the “one police one village” ideal in that every community has at least one community police officer. Aside from the regular daily shift, the community police will spend at least five half-days a week to work for residential communities to improve safety standards. Their work includes patrolling, visiting residents, eliminating various potential safety hazards and promoting the construction of safety facilities.

We have held top-10 community police officers elections for seven consecutive years to reward their excellent work. This year, our excellent community policewoman Sheng Shumin won the title of the national excellent police officer. She sets a good example for Shanghai’s new-generation community police. Sheng, a postgraduate of English Language and Linguistics from Nanjing University, manages the community successfully in Minhang District, where 70 percent of residents are foreigners, taking advantage of her language proficiency.

ThePaper: Do you have detailed data to show the achievements in case prevention since Shanghai launched the community policing reforms?

Dai Min: We have a scientific indicator evaluated by a third-party institute to evaluate the efficiency of community policing work: the sense of security and the satisfaction degree. This indicator of Shanghai has continued to increase for four consecutive years. We have over 20,000 police officers from over 300 police stations working at grassroots communities to get in touch with our residents.

In the first quarter, the number of reported burglary cases dropped 25.1 percent from the same period of last year; theft from cars declined 25.4 percent year-on-year; the number of telecom fraud cases, a cause of much concern for the public, fell by 51.8 percent with the amount of money involved down 63.8 percent. As an important indicator of community security, the number of fire cases dropped by 3.1 percent with death toll and direct economic losses down 15.4 and 27 percent, respectively.

At the same time, the Shanghai public security bureau has established 5,100 community police offices and over 8,300 micro fire stations. We also established a safeguarding team composed of 130,000 people to keep the city safe.

Jiefang Daily: What innovative scientific technologies have been adopted in the community policing reforms?

Chen Zhen: Scientific innovation is the “engine” to drive the reforms. Firstly, we established a professional working platform with functions, including data collection, dynamic maintenance, appraisal and comprehensive application, to improve the effectiveness of the reform work.

The second is the distribution of police mobile terminals. Community police officers can check the information of police affairs anywhere and anytime, collect basic data, do public security work, do on-site checking and respond to residents’ questions as soon as possible.

The third is the improvement of video surveillance camera systems. We have realized the visualization of public security precaution through video and on-site patrolling.

Shanghai started early in the informatization construction of the police system. During recent years, we have effectively integrated the information resources from different police departments. Our comprehensive data base will offer great information support to on-duty community police officers when they use PDAs. They can check suspicious people or objects by using the real-time checking system of the PDA. Currently, we are promoting the application of big data technology to better serve our citizens.