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Preservation of city historical sites


 

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The preservation of the ancient town of Fengjin

Approximately 57 kilometers away from downtown Shanghai, the Fengjin ancient town historical and cultural zone is located in the Jinshan district in the town of Fengjin.

A famous town with a history of 1,500 years, Fengjin was originally built in the North and South dynasties and reached its peak during the Tang dynasty. Because of its easy accessibility both by water and land, it became a logistical center for agriculture and handicrafts as well as a commerce, trade and cultural exchange hub since the Song and Yuan dynasties.

The area also contains a total of 31 ancient temples.

Fengjin is also the birthplace of Jinshan peasant paintings. In recognition of this, the Ministry of Culture designated the town as "the hometown of modern folk paintings.”

The preservation plan targeted at the town will place emphasis on preserving existing historic sites and constructing a historical and cultural preservation control zone, while at the same time ensuring the preservation of original features and the construction of a servicing infrastructure to go hand in hand with the town’s development.

A large number of ancient buildings in the town have been well preserved including the Ding Cong Cartoon Gallery, the Shi Taishan Pharmacy, the "Eastern District Ancient Firefighting Station (an ancient fire department that boasted many features of modern civilization)" first built in 1649, the 100-year-old ancestral residence of the famous painter Cheng Shifa and an ancient postal office.

In Fengjin people can trace footprints of Shanghai’s development in its early days, and also appreciate the strong cultural flavor indicative of southern Yangtze “water towns.”

Contact person: Hu Bofang
Telephone number: 86-21- 57350397
E-mail: hufuzong@163.com

The preservation of Lao Cheng Xiang’s urban features

Shanghai's Lao Cheng Xiang refers to the area encircled by the Renmin Road built in the early 20th century after the demolition of the old city wall. Originally built during the Southern Song dynasty as a market town, Lao Cheng Xiang officially became a county during the Yuan dynasty, and grew into what it is today over the course of the Ming dynasty, the Qing dynasty and the early Nationalist period.

With its street layout initially shaped at the end of the Ming dynasty and the beginning of the Qing dynasty, the area was once the political, economic and cultural center of Shanghai prior to its opening to foreign trade. It is now a historical and cultural area featuring 30 characteristically Chinese gardens and historical preservation sites with unique folkloric traits such as the famous Yuyuan Garden and Temple of the Town God.

During the planning and restoration of Lao Cheng Xiang, the buildings, alleyways and streets within the zone were all appropriately preserved.

Dedicated primarily to residential, commercial, cultural, recreational and tourism-oriented functions, the area is now divided into three tourism sub-zones including the Yuyuan Garden sub-zone, the Xiao Taoyuan sub-zone and the Confucian Temple sub-zone, having successfully achieved an organic integration of commercial activities into the original urban features.

In addition, the Lao Cheng Xiang historical and cultural area is further divided into 12 residential sub-zones where sophisticated community service centers have already taken shape.

Contact person: Yang Liandi
Telephone number: 86-21-33134800-20346
E-mail: shejishi01@126.com

The Shanyin Road historical and cultural area

Situated in the northeastern corner of Shanghai's Hongkou district, the Shanyin Road historical and cultural area includes Duolun Road, Shanyin Road, Tian'ai Road as well as surrounding residential neighborhoods. Multiple types of residential structures showcasing 1930s and 1940s Shanghai architectural styles are still well preserved within the area including Shikumen houses and garden houses.

The area is literally a living testament showcasing the architectural styles unique to Shanghai in the 1930s and 1940s.

With a total length of 500 meters, Duolun Road was originally built in 1911. In the first half of the 20th century famous left-wing writers such as Lu Xun and Mao Dun took up residence in the area.

The former residences of such historical luminaries as Qu Qiubai and Chen Wangdao as well as some major cultural spots native to Shanghai in the first half of the 20th century such as Jinyun Lane and The Arts University of China are also located in the nearby vicinity.

Built in 1911 with a total length of 600 meters, Shanyin Road and its neighboring area still retain some well-preserved historical features and spatial layouts, containing a large number of alleyway housing structures and detached and semi-detached single houses. The road literally serves as an architectural expo highlighting residential buildings unique to Shanghai in the first half of the 20th century.

The former residence of Lu Xun, a forerunner in Chinese revolutionary literature, is located along Shanyin Road.

With a total length of 730 meters, Tian'ai Road was originally built in 1920. The eastern side of the road is made up primarily of new-style alleyway houses and garden houses built in the 1930s and 1940s.

Among which two buildings, specifically No. 40 and No. 59 Tian'ai Road, have been listed as some of Shanghai’s outstanding historic buildings. In an effort to more effectively preserve the original condition of the area, city planning departments in Shanghai take comprehensive traffic control practices into consideration to reduce the congestion and noise pollution to their lowest possible levels.

Contact person: Cheng Jun
Telephone number: 86-21- 25658275
E-mail: junchenjj@hotmail.com

Salvaging and re-using national industrial warehouses flanking the Suzhou River

As an important tributary of the Huangpu River, the Suzhou River, a.k.a the Wusong River, has witnessed the literal "sea change" that the metropolis of Shanghai has undergone over time. In the 1920s and 1930s the river teemed with boats and ships engaging in prosperous trade.

Later on a large-scale area accommodating industrial warehouses and factory buildings mostly made up of national industry formed all the way from the Wai Bai Du Bridge to today's outer ring. Nowadays, as Shanghai's industrial structure adjusts, the warehouses and factory buildings flanking the Suzhou River have one by one lost their originally intended functions.

The "Shanghai historical and cultural areas and outstanding historical buildings protection ordinance", as promulgated and put into effect in January 2003, provides an effective legal basis for the preservation of the industrial structures flanking the Suzhou River.

Thanks to steadfast efforts of all interested parties, now over 100 of the architectural structures located in the warehouse complex flanking the Suzhou River have undergone renovations aimed at "preserving original features while upgrading functionality.” The remodeled fruit warehouse in particular became the first remodeling project granted the prestigious award for its conservation of old industrial sites.

Properly protecting and re-using the deserted industrial structures flanking the Suzhou River not only preserves a precious piece of history to be passed on to future generations, but also serves as a prerequisite and basis for the development, renewal and industrial transformation of the areas flanking the Suzhou River.

Contact person: Hang Yan
Telephone number: 86-21-63193188-14011
E-mail: megyan@hotmail.com

The preservation of the public building complex along the Bund

The public building complex along the Bund roughly took shape in the 1920s and 1930s, predominantly displaying such elaborate architectural styles as neoclassical and eclectic architecture, and boasting a fairly high amount of historic and artistic value.

In the 1950s the complex gradually began to be used as office space for various governmental departments including the Shanghai municipal government. In 1995 the government moved out and relocated and in the following year the complex became a heritage site under national protection.

In the late 1990s, when preservation efforts for the complex began to intensify, some market-oriented operations were adopted to manage the changes. The Bund became a historical and cultural area in Shanghai in 2003 and the complex under preservation has fully retained its original features.

Take No.12 on the Bund (the former HSBC building) as an example: originally built in 1925, the building was once hailed as the largest banking institution in the Far East.

After moving into the building in 1996, by strictly adhering to the principle of "renovating without spoiling the antique look", the Shanghai Pudong Development Bank renovated yet retained the neoclassical composition of the facade as well as the granite tile exterior of the building.

Currently, Shanghai’s city planning department is working on formulating a renovation and reform plan for the waterfront area of the Bund, which by diverting passing traffic underground will free up a vast amount of new space for public activities.

Contact person: Hang Yan
Telephone number: 86-21-63193188-14011
E-mail: megyan@hotmail.com

Shanghai urban sculpture art center built out of deserted steel mill buildings

The public building complex along the Bund roughly took shape in the 1920s and 1930s, predominantly displaying such elaborate architectural styles as neoclassical and eclectic architecture, and boasting a fairly high amount of historic and artistic value.

In the 1950s the complex gradually began to be used as office space for various governmental departments including the Shanghai municipal government. In 1995 the government moved out and relocated and in the following year the complex became a heritage site under national protection.

In the late 1990s, when preservation efforts for the complex began to intensify, some market-oriented operations were adopted to manage the changes. The Bund became a historical and cultural area in Shanghai in 2003 and the complex under preservation has fully retained its original features.

Take No.12 on the Bund (the former HSBC building) as an example: originally built in 1925, the building was once hailed as the largest banking institution in the Far East.

After moving into the building in 1996, by strictly adhering to the principle of "renovating without spoiling the antique look", the Shanghai Pudong Development Bank renovated yet retained the neoclassical composition of the facade as well as the granite tile exterior of the building.

Currently, Shanghai’s city planning department is working on formulating a renovation and reform plan for the waterfront area of the Bund, which by diverting passing traffic underground will free up a vast amount of new space for public activities.

Contact persons: Xie Lin, Zheng Jiashi
Telephone number: 86-21-63193188-09062

The preservation of Wukang Road’s unique features

Located within the Hengshan Road-Fuxing Road historical and cultural area situated in the northwestern part of the Xuhui district in Shanghai, Wukang Road stretches all the way to Huaihai Middle Road in the south and reaches as far as Huashan Road in the north, running a total length of more than 1,100 meters. It was first built at the end of the 19th century and stands as one of the oldest urban roads in Shanghai’s western districts..

The pattern of the road and the surrounding buildings had already roughly taken shape by the end of the 1930s. On both sides of the road lie 11 buildings under preservation and 37 historic buildings under conservation.

Today these building serve as typical representations of Shanghai's garden-style housing communities. Since the 1920s a number of historical figures and celebrities have taken up residence here such as the famous Chinese writer Ba Jin, thus providing the neighborhood with rich historical resources and a solid cultural foundation. In 2005 the road was designated as a road that is permanently prohibited from being widened.

Contact person: Hang Yan
Telephone number: 86-21-63193188-14011
E-mail: megyan@hotmail.com

The preservation of the Zhujiajiao historical and cultural area

Located within the ancient town of Zhujiajiao, the Zhujiajiao historical and cultural area enjoys good accessibility and a wonderful natural environment.

The town was formed before the Song dynasty and reached its peak during the Ming and Qing dynasties. Because it's highly accessible by water, merchants from all over the country gathered here to ply their trades. By the Nationalist period Zhujiajiao town had reached its modern day prime, nurturing a prosperous and modern commercial industry.

Most of the historic buildings located within the town were built during the Nationalist period, with a few even dating back to the Ming and Qing dynasties. They cover a wide range of construction types from residential buildings and religious buildings to commercial and public buildings.

In 1991, the Shanghai Municipal Government named Zhujiajiao as one of the four "famous historical and cultural towns.”  Later in 2007, the town became a "national famous historical and cultural town.”

During the planning and reconstruction of the ancient town of Zhujiajiao, special emphasis was placed on conserving the original features of the area as a southern Yangtze "water town", strictly preserving the space of the streets and rivers of the town and its water system and ensuring the soundness of its original features and ecological environment.

The plan also attached a lot of importance to the preservation of historic sites and the cultural landscape such as the Caohe Street area that includes the area’s three largest religious buildings (the City God Temple, the Yuanjin Buddhist Temple and the Catholic church).

The preservation plan defined clear boundaries for different areas of the town that show different historical features and imposed relevant control requirements on each of them, especially in such key areas as the Fangsheng Bridge area and North Street. The plan also provides for various kinds of living environments to cater to different tastes. Today the area’s tourism has become the local economic mainstay of the entire community.

Contact person: Li Zheng
Telephone number: 86-21-33861925
E-mail: li801119@yahoo.com.cn