Press Release for Media Briefing of the Shanghai Municipal Government on July 2, 2020
July 03, 2020
The Information Office of Shanghai Municipality held a media briefing today (July 2), during which Deng Jianping, director of the Shanghai Landscaping and City Appearance Administrative Bureau, talked about the implementation of the “Shanghai Municipal Waste Management Regulations” (hereinafter referred to as the “Regulations”), with a focus on the progress and achievements of garbage sorting in the past year and priorities in the stage. Liu Min, deputy director of the Shanghai Commission of Commerce, Ni Minjing, deputy director of the Shanghai Education Commission, Tang Jiafu, deputy director of the Shanghai Landscaping and City Appearance Administrative Bureau, Yu Hongwei, deputy director of the Shanghai Postal Administration, and Yan Yongkang, deputy director of the Shanghai Urban Management and Law Enforcement Bureau, also attended the press conference and answered questions from reporters.
Over the past year since the launch of the “Regulations” on July 1, 2019, Shanghai has further promoted the sorting of domestic waste and achieved practical results, making it a “new trend to lead low-carbon life.”
Achievements of garbage sorting
Shanghai’s garbage-sorting work has entered a stage with established laws, procedures and standards, with achievements in the following five aspects.
First, citizens proactively fulfilled their obligations to sort the garbage. The garbage-sorting WeChat inquiry platform provided users with more than 29.46 million pieces of information. According to the evaluation of garbage sorting in the first half of this year, the sorting compliance rate in residential areas has increased from 15% before the launch of the “Regulations” to more than 90%, and the sorting compliance rate in organizations has reached 90%. Most residents have developed a habit of voluntarily sorting garbage.
Secondly, the effectiveness of garbage sorting has improved significantly. In June this year, the city’s total domestic waste pickup volume was more than 968,600 tons. Compared with the same period last year, waste in four categories achieved the goal of “three increases and one decrease.” On average, 6,813.7 tons of recyclable waste were recovered every day, an increase of 71.1%. The amount of sorted hazardous waste was 3.3 tons per day, an increase of 11.2 times. The volume of sorted household food waste was 9,632.1 tons per day, an increase of 38.5%, and the disposal volume of residual waste was 15,518.2 tons per day, a decrease of 19.8%.
Thirdly, the construction of the waste-sorting system has been basically completed. The standardized transformation of more than 21,000 garbage-sorting stations was completed, and the number of roadside waste bins was optimized and adjusted to more than 41,000. A total of 1,537 trucks for household food waste, 3,077 trucks for residual waste, 99 trucks for hazardous waste, and 239 trucks for recyclable waste were deployed. More than 15,000 service stations for recyclable waste, 201 transfer stations, and 10 distribution centers have been built. All 15 domestic garbage disposal facility projects, which were identified in the 13th Five-Year Plan, started construction. The capacity to handle residual waste and household food waste has reached 24,350 tons per day.
Fourthly, supporting systems and standards have further improved. The city has issued the “Implementation Opinions of Carrying Out the Regulations and Construction of Whole-Process Sorting System,” as well as 44 supporting documents, including those stipulating that hotels and catering services units do not provide disposable daily necessities and tableware supplies unless requested, measures in controlling total garbage volume, and standards to use household food waste as agricultural resources.
Fifthly, social publicity and mobilization efforts have achieved good results. With the implementation of the “10, 100, 1,000 and 10,000” projects, a social publicity and mobilization system has been basically formed. “10” refers to setting up 16 district-level volunteer service teams and 53 subdistrict (township) volunteer service teams; “100” is about recruiting 940 municipal and district domestic waste management supervisors, and 135 subdistricts and communities have applied to become demonstrations areas; “1,000” focuses on publicity campaigns over garbage sorting and the “Regulations” covering 5,800 residential areas (villages), engaging more than 6,000 NPC and CPPCC deputies in the evaluation of the effectiveness of garbage sorting; “10,000” refers to holding 16,000 training sessions for the “Regulations,” and publicity visits covering more than 9.8 million households.
Obvious results have been achieved in waste sorting, mainly due to four aspects:
First, efforts were made synergistically. The city has established and improved the joint-meeting system at the municipal, district, subdistrict and community (village) levels for promoting waste sorting and reduction. The Shanghai Development and Reform Commission and the Shanghai Finance Bureau formulated supporting policies such as special subsidies for sorting of household waste; the Shanghai Agricultural and Rural Commission formulated the standards for the utilization of household food waste as agricultural resources; the Shanghai Commission of Commerce actively promoted green consumption and made waste sorting part of the standards to certify green restaurants and outstanding restaurants; the Shanghai Housing Administration Bureau unveiled detailed requirements for garbage sorting in the property management areas; the Shanghai Postal Administration promoted packaging recycling devices at the outlets of express delivery companies to collect used packages; Shanghai Municipal Government Offices Administration has increased the inspection of waste sorting among Party and government organs; Shanghai Chengtou Group completed the construction of the emergency food waste project on time to ensure the stable and orderly sorting and transfer of garbage and resource utilization. All districts have effectively delivered on their responsibilities, and 10 districts have become demonstration areas. The Pudong New Area, Xuhui, Huangpu and Jiading have explored and built intelligent waste sorting management systems that feature “unified management-urban brain-smart civilization.” Yangpu, Baoshan, Qingpu, Songjiang and Jinshan actively explored management models that combine human input and technologies via intelligent management of garbage sources, and tried to address the difficulty in evidence collection and law enforcement.
Secondly, Party building played an outstanding role. At the city, district and subdistrict levels, Party building played a key role in promoting waste sorting. The Work Committee of Departments under the CPC Shanghai Committee issued a notice to call for garbage sorting, grassroots Party organizations ensured the implementation, and Party members and cadres demonstrated leadership. At subdistricts (villages), the Party organization was the core, supported by a combination of subdistrict (village) committees, property owner committees, property managers, volunteers and social organizations. Changning, Chongming, Minhang, Fengxian, Putuo and Hongkou districts have combined waste sorting and Party building to provide a strong organizational guarantee for the solid promotion of refined management of waste sorting in communities.
Thirdly, grassroots innovation was in full swing. A publicity team was set up in Jiaxing Subdistrict in Hongkou District to guide citizens to develop sorting habits. The patented deodorization facilities were introduced in Shimen Er Road Subdistrict in Jing’an District and Pujin Subdistrict in Minhang District to solve odors in the garbage chambers, while mobile garbage sorting chambers were set up to collect waste in pre-set areas and time slots. Fenglin Subdistrict in Xuhui District conducted intelligent transformation of garbage chambers to achieve intelligent and contactless garbage disposal.
Fourthly, law enforcement inspections became regular. Relevant municipal and district authorities carried out supervision and inspection according to law, and organized law enforcement actions. Since the implementation of the “Regulations,” the cultural and tourism authorities have inspected 10,786 tourism and accommodation enterprises, ordered 146 to rectify their problems, and imposed administrative penalties on one enterprise. Market supervision authorities have inspected 127,000 catering services providers, ordered 276 to rectify their problems, and imposed administrative penalties on 39. Urban management and law enforcement authorities carried out more than 152,000 law enforcement inspections, educated and dissuaded 59,856 violators, ordered 38,739 to rectify their problems, and imposed administrative penalties in 9,585 cases, including 7,472 organizations and 2,113 individuals.
II. Work plan in the next stage
In the next step, Shanghai will continue to follow the “highest standard and best level” globally to improve the accuracy of garbage sorting, the convenience of garbage disposal, and utilization of garbage resources. The city will require all involved in garbage sorting to be more accountable, and make garbage sorting to continue to lead a new low-carbon lifestyle. Priorities will be given to the following five aspects:
First, the city will consolidate and improve the effectiveness of garbage sorting. The city will adhere to high standards to promote garbage sorting. The compliance rate at residential areas (villages) and organizations is expected to reach 95%, and that of demonstration subdistricts and towns is expected to reach more than 85%.
Secondly, the city will foster the integration of the “two networks.” Shanghai will accelerate the integration of “two networks,” namely the domestic waste-sorting and transportation system and daily life renewable resource recovery system, thus effectively promoting the recycling of recyclable materials. The reviews of the standards at 6,000 service stations for recyclable items, 170 transfer stations and 10 distribution centers will be completed. The city will cultivate several functional resource utilization projects to ensure the stable sales of low-value recyclables, and realize full-coverage recovery, full-variety utilization and full-channel statistics.
Thirdly, the city will accelerate the construction of its waste handling capacity. Shanghai will add an incineration capacity of 2,000 tons per day for residual waste, thus boosting the total incineration capacity to 21,300 tons per day. The city will add centralized disposal capacity of 1,450 tons per day for household food waste and on-site processing capacity of 500 tons per day, boosting the total processing capacity for household food waste to 7,000 tons per day. It is estimated that by the end of this year the city will basically achieve “zero” landfill of primary domestic waste.
Fourthly, the city will strengthen policy support and guidance. Together with soil pollution control and chemical fertilizer reduction, Shanghai will formulate policies to promote products that utilize household food waste. The city will fully implement recycling subsidy policies for low-value recyclables and improve utilization of recyclable resources.
Fifthly, the city will step up inspection and law enforcement to support garbage sorting. Authorities will continue to carry out daily law enforcement inspections and special law enforcement actions, with a focus on the source reduction system, accountability of the responsible entities for garbage sorting and disposal, and the implementation of regulations for garbage sorting in public places. The city will give full play to typical cases for the purpose of warning and education, and promote a good social atmosphere to abide by the law.