Press Release for September 9, 2019 Media Briefing by the Shanghai Municipal Government
September 10, 2019
The Information Office of Shanghai Municipality held a press conference today (September 9) and Xie Feng, director of the Shanghai Transport Commission, made an introduction about the city’s continuous efforts in expanding its capacity as an aviation hub and in consolidating its position as an international aviation hub in the Asia Pacific region; Feng Xin, president of the Shanghai Airport Authority, briefed the media about the latest progress in the expansion project of the third phase of Shanghai Pudong International Airport. Hu Zhihong, general manager of Shanghai Pudong International Airport, was also present at the conference and joined Xie and Feng to take questions from the reporters.
In recent years, Shanghai has grown into a major aviation hub in the Asia Pacific region with gradually improved infrastructure and significantly increased passenger and cargo throughput. After more than three years of hard work, smooth progress has been achieved in the third phase expansion project of Pudong airport. On September 16, the world's largest single-structure satellite terminal and the world’s first airport transport system using steel wheels and rails will both officially go into operation, which will further enhance the capacity and quality of service at Shanghai airports.
In recent years, the city’s efforts in expanding its capacity as an aviation hub have generated notable achievements and its position as a major gateway aviation hub in the Asia Pacific region has been generally established.
First, the infrastructure has been built at a faster pace. The city’s airport authority has vigorously promote the construction of the fifth runway of Pudong airport, the third phase expansion of Pudong airport, and the renovation of the T1 terminal at Hongqiao airport. Currently, there are four terminals, one single-structure satellite terminal which is the largest of its kind in the world, five cargo areas, six runways and 435 parking bays at the city’s two airports, which have a combined design capacity to handle 120 million passengers and 5.2 million tons of cargoes every year, giving the city a leading position in the Asia Pacific region in terms of the aviation infrastructure capacity.
Second, the strength of the aviation network has been continuously enhanced. Continuous improvement has been made to extend the city’s route coverage and improve the frequency of flights, with more domestic and international airlines and aviation alliances being attracted to Shanghai to further improve the city’s overall route network. In 2018, a total of 107 airlines operated flights from the city’s two airports, linking Shanghai with 300 destinations in 48 countries around the world. Together they handled 118 million passengers, making Shanghai the world’s fourth-busiest air hub for the third consecutive year. Air cargo throughput reached 4.18 million tons, ranking the third in the world for 11 consecutive years.
Third, the service quality has improved significantly. Continuous improvement has been made to promote the construction of civil aviation safety management system in East China, personnel qualification, new civil aviation technology application and the supervision system for air traffic safety. The year 2018 marked the 31st and 19th year of safe operation for Hongqiao and Pudong airports respectively. Collaborative efforts have been made to promote refined management of airspace in the Yangtze River Delta region and the release of airspace resources, and to improve the efficiency of airport operations, with the average flight punctuality at the two airports raised to above 80 percent annually. The customs clearance and the passenger services at the airports have also been improved. Both the Hongqiao and Pudong airports have obtained the “Platinum Airport” certification from the Airports Council International.
Fourth, the ground transport system has been continuously improved. In terms of rail transit, there are one maglev line and two rail transit lines. Works on the east extension project of the Metro Line 2 have been completed to allow passengers to ride the line directly to the airport in eight-carriage trains instead of transferring to four-carriage ones at Guanglan Road Station. Constructions on an express line connecting Pudong and Hongqiao airports have commenced and will shorten the travel time to 40 minutes when it starts operation in 2024 as planned. In terms of transport services, there are 12 bus lines and 16 provincial bus routes linking the two airports with the city center. Intelligent management has been adopted at traffic control centers at the two airports to shorten the average queuing time for taxis to 3.35 minutes for the whole day and to 12 minutes during the peak hours. Five out-of-town urban terminal buildings have been opened by the two airports in the Yangtze River Delta region to expand the coverage of the city’s aviation service. In terms of road infrastructure, Jiading-Minhang Elevated Road and S26 Expressway’s entry section to the city have been completed and further improved the road network around the airport.
For a certain period of time in the future, Shanghai will seize the new development opportunities and focus on the improvement of its service and radiation capabilities to further consolidate its status as an international aviation hub in the Asia Pacific region. Shanghai’s construction as an aviation hub has encountered a new round of growth opportunities in the new era: first is to serve Shanghai’s construction of “five centers” and an excellent global city. Shanghai should enhance its capability of both internal and external radiation as an aviation hub to improve the city’s core function in the global city network. Second is to serve construction of the China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade Zone and its expanded area. The Pudong International Airport Comprehensive Bonded Zone should make good use of its rich air route resources and unique location advantages to enhance Shanghai’s capability of open and easy access to the world. The third is to serve the national strategy of integrated growth in the Yangtze River Delta Region. Shanghai should improve the overall capacity and services in the airports to construct a world-class cluster of airports with the core of Shanghai aviation hub. Fourth is to serve the strategy of bolstering national strength through transport and civil aviation. Shanghai should make comprehensive efforts to enhance its international air transport strength and international competitiveness to become a leading world aviation hub.
Shanghai will seize the opportunities, further lifting the capacity of Shanghai aviation hub to secure and raise the city’s position as an international aviation hub in Asia Pacific. The following missions will be the key ones:
First is to strengthen the leading role of planning. Shanghai will speed up the planning of Pudong Comprehensive Transport Hub, connecting Shanghai East Railway Station with the Pudong International Airport to create a transport hub in Pudong New Area and highlight its function as an international gateway. Shanghai will also strengthen the transport services and construct a world-class transport hub featured by “high standard, integration and interaction” to make it an world-level hub together with Hongqiao Comprehensive Transport Hub.
Second is to accelerate infrastructure construction. Shanghai will improve the construction of facilities in long-distance passenger transport, railway, buses, taxis and static traffic. It will speed up the construction of airport shuttle transport, modification of S32 Interchange on Jinchang Road South. The city will also accelerate the implementation of projects like the second phase of Shanghai-Tongzhou railway, Shanghai-Suzhou-Huzhou railway and Shanghai-Zhapu-Hangzhou railway to build up a system connecting Shanghai and other cities in the Yangtze River Delta Region.
Third is to improve services. Shanghai will optimize the usage of air space, enhance management of air traffic, raise throughput of aviation facilities and increase traffic efficiency. Shanghai will keep improving accessibility of its aviation network, develop international routes and construct a global aviation network whose coverage matches large-scaled airports in the world.
Fourth is to push forward integrated development of airports in the Yangtze River Delta. Shanghai will accelerate the construction of a global aviation hub with Pudong and Hongqiao airports as core, while airports in the Yangtze River Delta Region like Nanjing, Hangzhou, Hefei, Nantong and Ningbo as participants. It should serve the development of the city cluster in the region, with expanded traffic capacity, connected network of aviation and railway, as well as unified planning of general airports.
After more than three years of construction, the main project of the third phase expansion project of Pudong International Airport has passed the final acceptance of the project, the acceptance of the civil aviation industry, and the acceptance of the customs administration. It has already met the operating conditions as an civil aviation airport and will be officially opened on September 16. It also coincides with 20th anniversary of Pudong Airport’s official kicking off of operation.
I. Overview of the third phase expansion project of Pudong Airport
The third phase expansion project started construction on December 29, 2015. The project mainly includes sub sectors including the terminal station, flight zone, production auxiliary facilities, and municipal supportive facilities. Among them, core facilities include the 620,000 square meters satellite hall and the passenger rapid transit system, the 950,000 square meter harbor apron, the two flight areas underpass passages, the baggage system that meets the airline's transit demand, the long-term parking garage with more than 5,300 parking spaces and the energy-saving center.
During the construction process, the construction teams have always adhered to the safety bottom line. The normal operation of flights in and out of the Pudong International Airport has not been suspended with as many as 70 million passenger capacity per year at the airport. More than 60 construction companies and contractors and more than 5,000 construction workers came together to make sure the project was completed as scheduled. After the completion of the project, the Pudong International Airport can meet the operational demand of 80 million passengers per year. It will continue to improve the service quality of Pudong International Airport, to better serve the efficiency of airline operations that use Pudong International Airport as a transfer hub, and also to better serve passengers.
II. Pudong Airport Phase III expansion main project highlights
The first highlight: the world's largest single-distance satellite hall. The satellite hall is located at the south side of the existing T1 and T2 terminals of Pudong Airport. It consists of two connected halls S1 and S and handle terminal departure, arrival and transit services. The T1 and S1 on the west side would operate together, and the annual passenger throughput guarantee capacity is 36.8 million passengers. It would serve Shanghai Airlines, China Eastern Airlines and other airliners within the SkyTeam Alliance; the east side T2 and S2 would operate together, and the annual passenger throughput guarantee capacity is 43.2 million person, serving Air China and China Southern Airlines, other airlines within the Star Alliance, Oneworld, etc. The basic process of the satellite hall is a mixed flow of domestic departures and separate flow for international departure, with the international arrival layer at the bottom floor, the domestic departure and arrival layer in the middle floor and the international layer on the top floor.
The second highlight: The passenger rapid transit system seamlessly connects the terminals and satellite halls. Passengers travel to and from the terminal and satellite hall through the rapid transit system. The system is divided into east and west lines. Each line is in two-line operation mode to ensure uninterrupted operation under emergency circumstances. The rapid transit system is the first air-side area among international airports around the globe to adopt the urban rail transit steel rail system. The train compartment adopts the A-type vehicle with the largest passenger capacity, four sections, with two sections each for domestic and international carriages. The passenger transit train has a top speed of 80 kilometers per hour. The one-way trip is 2 minutes and 30 seconds at the fastest, and the driving interval is less than 5 minutes.
The third highlight: The hub operation is more efficient and convenient. The satellite hall has added 90 boarding bridges, and passenger boarding through bridge rate will increase from 50 percent to over 90 percent. There are 35 three-story convertible boarding bridges around the central area. The airplane connected to the same boarding bridge can be transferred to connect with either domestic or international terminals. The transfer process between international and domestic flights also been optimized, the central transit hall of the S1 satellite hall has set up three kinds of transit procedures: international transfer to domestic, international to international, and domestic to international. Domestic transfer to domestic can be transferred in the same layer of the domestic mixed layer, which will shorten the flight transit time to to a minimum. It will also offer more convenience for airliners to offer air transit products for passengers, and the airline's transit flights at Pudong International Airport will also be smoother.
The flight area underpass underneath the satellite hall also offers separate passage ways for both aircraft taxiing and vehicle driving, which improves the transportation efficiency between the terminal building and the satellite hall.
The fourth highlight: The terminal environment is more comfortable and pleasant. Thanks to the 35,000-ton steel structure, the large undulating roofs of the satellite hall and the transparent glass wall with a total length of 6 kilometers provide passengers with a visual experience of the unobstructed view of the sky. It is also awarded the highest honor in the industry, “China Construction Engineering Steel Structure Gold Award”. Stepping into the satellite hall, S1 continues the blue style of T1, and S2 continues the yellow style of T2, allowing passengers to feel the service from the similar environment. Compared with T1 and T2, the seating of the satellite hall are also very diverse. In addition to the conventional seats, functional seats such as Internet cafe seats, triangle enclosure seats and sofa seats are also installed in different areas. The charging area is also equipped with a charging Internet zone, and is equipped with a wireless charging device. The central business district of the satellite hall has gathered 159 merchants with a business area of more than 28,000 square meters (including 100 commercial shops, 55 food and beverage outlets, and 4 financial outlets). The duty-free shops cover an area of nearly 10,000 square meters. With the same price and quality, more than 85% of food and beverage brands are different from existing terminals.
The fifth highlight: The airport is greener and more energy efficient. Following the standard of the world-class green hub airport, the satellite hall uses various energy-saving technologies such as the use of inverter air conditioner, natural ventilation during the transitional season, direct water supply below the ground, and the cancelling of air conditioner exchanger direct cooling, etc. The amount can reach 9.95 million degrees. Toilets and green watering of the satellite hall use the paddock river rainwater reuse technology, which can save 216,000 tons water annually. After the satellite hall is put into operation, it can reduce the frequency and distance of vehicle transportation on the ground, and is predicted that the diesel consumption of the airlines will be reduced by 1,623 tons; the power supply to the aircraft through the boarding bridge can reduce the aircraft fuel consumption by 39,000 tons per year. , reducing carbon dioxide emissions by 115,000 tons per year.
III. Preparations for the opening of the expansion project of Pudong Airport
At present, all the preparations for the main project of the third phase expansion of Pudong Airport are ready. All kinds of facilities, equipment and systems have been finalized and put into operation; the staff of the operation and security units such as airports, customs, border inspection and airlines have completed the training and are all in place. A corresponding emergency plan was prepared for the possible failures and emergencies of the system and repeated drills were organized, including large-scale drills under full-load operation. The results of the drills show that the various systems of the Pudong Airport Satellite Terminal are stable, the equipment and facilities are operating normally, and the service process is convenient and smooth. It will open on September 16 in good condition.
IV. Passengers Travel Tips for Pudong Airport Satellite Terminal
The public should note that the Pudong Airport Satellite Terminal is only an extension of the existing T1 and T2 terminals at Pudong Airport. For departing passengers, they should check in and pass the joint inspection at T1 or T2 terminal, and follow the signs in the building to the corresponding boarding gate. Passengers arriving at the satellite terminal should take the MRT to the T1 or T2 terminal to arrive at the hall for joint inspection and baggage. Transit passengers can go to the nearest transfer counter according to the on-site identification instructions. Pudong Airport will work with various operational support units to provide travel tips through various channels such as in-building guidance and volunteer services to help passengers become familiar with the satellite terminal process as soon as possible.