Press Release for June 28, 2019 Media Briefing by the Shanghai Municipal People’s Government
July 01, 2019
Shanghai Municipal People’s Government Information Office held a press conference on June 28. Shanghai Municipal government deputy secretary in general Huang Rong introduced the establishment and the compiling process of the city's domestic garbage classification system, the preparations for the implementation of the city's domestic garbage management regulations and the action plans in the future. Deng Jianping, director of the Shanghai Greenery and Public Sanitation Bureau, Liu Ping, inspector of the Municipal Bureau of Justice, Tang Jiafu, deputy director of the Shanghai Greenery and Public Sanitation Bureau, Jin Lei, deputy director of the Shanghai Administration of Culture and Tourism, Peng Yanling, deputy director of the Municipal Urban Management and Law Enforcement Bureau, and Zhang Lixin, deputy director of the Municipal Housing Administration attended the conference and answered reporters’ questions together.
Garbage management is a natural requirement of building ecological civilization and a delicate management method for urban management. Party General Secretary Xi Jinping attaches great importance to the work of waste sorting and has repeatedly put forward clear requirements and earnest expectations for Shanghai. Recently, General Secretary Xi Jinping has made important instructions, emphasizing that the key to promoting waste sorting is to strengthen scientific management, form a long-term mechanism, and promote the adoption of daily habits of every resident. The Shanghai Committee of the Communist Party of China and the municipal government conscientiously implemented the strategic decisions and action plans put forward by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council, and took the garbage classification work as an important measure to implement Xi Jinping's ecological civilization thoughts and theories and promote the construction of Shanghai's ecological civilization. Since the mobilization meeting of the domestic garbage classification work on February 20th this year, the city has taken active actions at every level to create a favorable social atmosphere, speed up the construction of the garbage classification system, comprehensively improve the quality of waste separation work, and has achieved preliminary results.
I. Latest development of garbage classification
Firstly, all-around mobilization work has been carried out in depth. Publicity work on Shanghai's garbage management regulations has been carried out at three levels: city, districts and residential neighborhoods. Publicity groups were established to train and promote volunteer teams, and the number of lecturers reached more than 1,700. CPC Shanghai Committee’s management bodies and relevant authorities as well as government organs at all levels have taken a lead to carry out training sessions. As of mid-June, the city had organized more than 13,000 training sessions and trained more than 1.26 million persons/times. The whole society has been mobilized to learn about the garbage management regulations. Shanghai Municipal Education Commission explores to make the garbage management and waste sorting as a part of junior high schools' aptitude test and make it a mandatory lesson for elementary schools and junior high schools.
The city has organized more than 14,000 mobilization sessions and more than 15 million copies of training and publicity materials have been dispatched, covering more than 6.9 million households. The city's mainstream media outlets also carried out a series of special-purpose popularization programs and serial reports on garbage classification and waste sorting to showcase the latest work results. Publicity videos and public service advertisements on waste sorting have been aired repeatedly on TV and radio stations. Information Office of Shanghai Municipality has also published guidelines through social media accounts for residents to check whether they have sorted domestic waste properly. Garbage classification has become a hot topic of public concern.
Secondly, Shanghai has expanded proper garbage sorting coverage. It is conducted in a “whole area” approach. Based on the experiences of six districts like Changning District last year, Shanghai kicked off the city’s “whole area” coverage campaign this year. The first batch of 18 “model towns” was announced, and started the work for this year. The efficiency has been raised. The collected volume of recyclable garbage has surpassed 3,300 tons every day, wet garbage exceeded 6,100 tons every day, and the city can handle more than 24,000 tons of garbage for recycling every day. More residential areas have met the standard. In April and May, the city had a survey in 2,700 residential communities, finding 62.5 percent have properly publicized and allocated facilities of garbage sorting.
Thirdly, the city has accelerated the construction of a complete system for garbage sorting. Shanghai has renovated 13,000 garbage collection stations, or 75 percent of the total, and updated the signs of 40,000 dustbins. The system for garbage sorting has been basically constructed. The city has 982 trucks to collect wet waste, 3,135 for dry waste, 49 for toxic waste and 32 for recyclable waste. It built up 6,106 stations to collect recyclable waste, 121 for transfer, and six for distribution. The city also has stronger capability to dispose domestic waste. It can incinerate 19,300 tons of dry waste every day, and handle 5,050 tons of wet waste every day.
Fourthly, the city has almost completed the facilitating policies for the regulations. Shanghai has formulated 19 facilitating policies, including the catalogue of disposable goods that hotels and restaurants don’t voluntarily offer, the catalogue of disposable goods restricted in use in public organizations, the catalogue of garbage sorting and disposal, and the rule on quantitative control of garbage. Besides, related departments have formulated documents like the directory for sorting construction garbage and the rule of punishment for violation of domestic garbage sorting.
Fifthly, Shanghai has basically formulated a supervision system. The city has strengthened the construction of an IT platform to cover transport, classification and final-stage disposal of garbage for whole-process supervision. It has trialed smart supervision in Hongkou District. Shanghai has established a mechanism for two-way supervision and disposal at set time and set venues to ensure “no sorting, no collection, and no sorting, no disposal.” Rule enforcement has been strengthened. By June 25, the city has conducted 13,900 inspections, found 1,224 violations, educated 12,739 people and rectified 7,822 cases.
II. Work arrangements
To thoroughly implement the spirit of the important instructions of General Secretary Xi Jinping, enhance the political awareness, strengthen the sense of responsibility, and perform duties in accordance with law, the city will go all out to promote garbage sorting with the implementation of the “regulations” as an opportune stimuli. The work will focus on three aspects:
Firstly, strengthening scientific management and adhering to systematic advancement. The city shall pay attention to the leading role of the Party, combine waste sorting work with grassroots social governance, comprehensive residential community management, and spiritual civilization creation, etc., promote Party building in garbage classification, and implement the double reporting system among Party members. The city will focus on improving quality and efficiency, actively promote the establishment of attainment areas (demonstration), and strive to achieve a standard-reaching rate of over 70% in residential areas, and complete the citywide coverage target. Efforts will be made to carry out comprehensive assessments, combine third-party institutional surveys with those by people's congress representatives and CPPCC members, as well as professional appraisals, and conduct regular assessments.
The second is to improve the classification system and the long-term mechanism. The city will complete various supporting tasks of the “regulations”, carry out the publicity and interpretation work of supporting documents, and compile the “Interpretation of the Regulations.” The construction of a whole-process classification system will be accelerated. To be specific, 17,000 dumping stations in residential areas will basically be revamped, and the number of recyclable waste stations will reach 8,000 while that of transfer stations will reach 170. The city will accelerate the construction of terminal classification and disposal capacity of domestic waste. By 2020, the city’s domestic waste incineration capacity will reach 20,800 tons/day, and wet waste resource utilization capacity will be 7,000 tons/day. The city will implement the whole-process supervision, actively and steadily implement the two-way supervision mechanism of “no classification, no collection, no classification, no disposal”, improve the whole-process supervision information system for garbage classification, organize special enforcement activities, and gradually form a regular law enforcement mechanism.
The third is to create a social atmosphere conducive to fostering good habits. Publicity and mobilization work should cover all communities. An integrated mobilization model should be created with the Party organization in a residential area (village) playing a critical role to rally the wisdom of the residential (village) committee, the residential management company and the volunteers. Face-to-face and door-to-door communication will cover more than 8 million citizens. Garbage classification knowledge will be popularized across the board through online and offline training, so as to enhance public awareness of the regulations and auxiliary documents. The “seven-entry” campaign for waste sorting will be carried out, and the public open day system for garbage disposal facilities will be implemented. With a view to guide social participation, the city will give play to the mobilization advantages of trade unions, the Communist Youth League and the Women's Federation, organize news media to carry out positive guidance and public opinion supervision, support third-party institutions to provide professional services, guide industry associations in formulating self-discipline statutes, and increase the number of garbage classification volunteers and social supervisors.