News material for government press conference on March 1, 2018
March 02, 2018
The Informatinon Office of Shanghai Municipal Government held a press conference today (March 1), at which deputy director of the Shanghai Commission of Economy and Information Technology Huang Ou introduced the “Regulations (trial) on Testing of Intelligent and Connected Cars on Public Roads”. Cao Guangyi, political commissar at the Traffic Police Corps of Shanghai Public Security Bureau, and Lu Zufang, deputy head of Jiading District, attended the conference and answered questions from journalists.
China’s first batch of licenses allowing testing of intelligent and connected cars on public roads was issued today (March 1) in Shanghai. SAIC Motor Corp and Shanghai-based electric carmaker NIO are granted such licenses after checks from third-party agents, review from expert panels and approval from the official workgroup on such project.
As the global auto industry shifts into the new stage of innovative development, Shanghai needs to grasp the opportunities and actively deal with challenges, speeding up the development of advanced, electrified and smart auto industry with efforts to enhance innovation and adjust strategies. To accelerate the research and development and applications of intelligent and connected cars, and to guide the work on testing of such vehicles on public roads, the commission has teamed up with the Shanghai Public Security Bureau and Shanghai Municipal Transportation Commission to draw up the regulations (trial), which was officially issued on March 1 to lay the foundation of Shanghai’s initiating such testing nationwide and to boost the applications and commercialization of intelligent and connected cars.
I Main content of the regulations
The “Regulations (trial) on Testing of Intelligent and Connected Cars on Public Roads” is a key measure to implement the “Plan on Shanghai’s Innovative Development of Intelligent and Connected Car Industry”, and is set to meet the urgent demand for the intelligent and connected vehicle testing on public roads from mass of auto companies.
First, organizations to regulate the test. The Shanghai Commission of Economy and Information Technology, Shanghai Public Security Bureau and Shanghai Municipal Transportation Commission have teamed up to form the official workgroup to propel relevant work on the test, which includes verifying test applications, issuing notifications for the test and temporary licenses for trial runs, organizing the tests and evaluating the testing vehicles and roads, and coordinating relevant work to implement the regulations. Meanwhile, they have set up expert panels to hold reviews regularly, alongside setting a third-party agent to handle the testing applications by entrusting the Shanghai Manufacturing Innovation Center on Intelligent and Connected Cars.
Second, the guideline defines requirements of license application. The guideline points out specific requirements including auto companies, testing drivers and testing vehicles. According to the guideline, auto companies are required to establish a remote monitoring data platform for their testing vehicles, with data being accessed by data platform of a third-party organization. Carmakers need to purchase traffic accident insurance of at least 5 million yuan (US$788,034) per vehicle or have a letter of compensation guaranteeing the same amount. Test drivers should have more than 50 hours’ experience of automated driving systems, 40 hours of which must be driving experience for applied projects before testing on public roads. Testing vehicle shall carry out actual vehicle test in enclosed area which assigned by the third party. Companies need to meet the requirements within the prescribed test times based on test and evaluation rules.
Third, the guideline points out a clear road test review process. Auto companies shall refer to application flowchart of road test of intelligent and connected vehicles. The third party organization shall complete a preliminary examination of application materials within 5 working days after receiving the materials and inform companies to assigned enclosed area within 5 working days after passing the initial examination. The third party organization will then submit application materials to the working group. The working group will conduct an expert review meeting within 10 working days after receiving the materials. If companies pass the review, the working group will give road test notice and temporary driving license to the companies and regularly provide updates to the public.
Fourth, the guideline points out a clear identification of traffic accidents and handling. If a traffic illegal act occurs during the road test, traffic administrative department of the public security where the illegal act takes place will handle the case. The department will pursue responsibility of test drivers based on the current traffic safety law and regulation. When a traffic accident occurs during the road test and test vehicle has been proved to be in fault based on the law, companies will be responsible for civil compensation liability based on current laws and regulations. When the test driver or companies constitutes a crime, test drivers and auto companies shall be investigated for criminal liability according to the law.
Fifth, the guidelin clarifies accountability whenever violations or breaches of regulations occur. In case of violations or breaches, a third-party organization will suspend the testing plans for all testing vehicles submitted by the testing company, while the company’s testing qualification will be revoked by the city’s ICVs promotion office which will also publicize the names of the violators on a regular basis. Testing companies are not allowed to submit testing applications again within one year since the loss of their qualifications. Testing companies should be held legally accountable for the authenticity and validity of the materials and data they have submitted.
Based on real traffic conditions and road evaluations conducted by third-party organizations, a total of 5.6-kilometer public roads in Jiading District have been designated for ICVs testing in the initial stage with details as followed: Boyuan Road (S. Moyu Road to the intersection of An’yan Road) 2.7 kilometers; Boyuan Road (Anhong Road to the intersection of Anzhi Road) 0.9 kilometer; N. Ande Road (Anli Road to the intersection of Anzhi Road) 2 kilometers. In the next stage, the city will open more public roads for ICVs testing in a step-by-step approach.
II General information of ICVs development in Shanghai
Shanghai is currently deepening its implementation of the spirit of the 19th CPC National Congress and sparing no effort in building its modern economic mechanism with a focus on the real economy. It is also accelerating its pace to foster a group of world-class, technically advanced manufacturing clusters and strives to build its “Made in Shanghai” brand. The auto industry is a pivotal part of the real economy and a pillar industry in Shanghai’s economic development. In 2017, the total output of Shanghai’s auto industry jumped 19.1 percent year on year to 677.4 billion yuan, accounting for 19.9 percent of the city’s total industrial output. Some 61,000 new-energy vehicles were granted licensed plates in Shanghai last year while overall number has reached 166,000 so far, both a leader in the country and thus retaining Shanghai’s position as the world’s top city in terms of the number of new-energy vehicles in use. The output of new-energy vehicles exceeded 20 billion yuan for the first time in 2017 to hit 23.24 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 42.6 percent. Shanghai got an early start on ICVs industry and has developed a good environment for industrial development.
First, Shanghai was a pioneer to release and implement key policies for ICVs. The city compiled the Plan for Shanghai Innovative Projects of Intelligent and Connected Vehicles, which included the sector into the city’s efforts in serving China’s national strategy of enhancing manufacturing and building Shanghai into a global center of innovation in science and technology, especially making it a priority in industrial innovation. It has become a leading sector in Shanghai’s industrial transformation and upgrading to push forward the three missions of “making breakthroughs in innovation chain, nurturing industry chain and opening up resource chain.”
Second, Shanghai accelerated the construction of the industry chain of ICVs. Roewe RX5, a model with Internet operating system launched by SAIC, was the leading product in the Chinese market of its segment. ES8, a high-performance seven-seat intelligent and connected pure electric SUV developed by Shanghai-based NIO, has also made its debut. Facilitated by related policies in Shanghai, automotive and car parts companies in the development of ICVs, smart car operating system, laser radar, millimeter wave radar, central domain controller and wire control system have accelerated their innovation to formulate strength of the industry and enhance its ability of commercialization.
Third, Shanghai has made great progress in the construction of the National Intelligent Connected Vehicle (Shanghai) Pilot Zone. The National Intelligent Connected Vehicle (Shanghai) Pilot Zone is China’s first comprehensive model zone for tests of ICVs. Its closed test zone has created 200 driving scenarios to make it a comprehensive, advance and influential international platform.
Fourth, Shanghai sped up the making of related public platforms and standards for ICVs. The 2017 World Autonomous Vehicle Ecosystem Conference, organized by the Shanghai Municipal Government and the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, was successfully held in Jiading District. Shanghai also established an ICV innovation center to help the city become a global leader in the segment by 2020. Meanwhile, Shanghai has set up a working group to compile standards for ICVs. The group is now working on ICV standards concerning automotive brake system and warning system for lane departure.