Press Release for Shanghai Municipal Government's Media Briefing on January 18th, 2018
January 19, 2018
The information office of Shanghai municipal government held a press conference today (January 18th 2018), on which Shou Ziqi, director of the Shanghai Science and Technology Commission, introduced the main content of the newly released "Implementation Guideline on Shanghai's Establishing Functional Platforms for Research and Development and Transformation." Ma Xingfa, vice president of the Shanghai Science and Technology Commission, Zhang Ying, chief engineer of the Municipal Commission of Economy and Information Technology, Jin Weimin, deputy director of the Shanghai Finance Bureau, and Qiu Wenjin, deputy inspector of the Municipal Development and Reform Commission, attended the conference and answered reporters' questions.
The “Implementation Guideline” has been approved on the executive meeting of the municipal government on November 27th 2017, and will be put into force on February 1st 2018.
One: The Drafting Processes of the “Implementation Guideline”
Developing the functional platforms is an important measure of Shanghai to implement innovation-driven development strategy, to accelerate the development of the new economy, to build new momentum for development, and to improve the concentration and demonstration of science and innovation centers. It is an essential part of Shanghai’s construction into a science and innovation center. In order to promote the development of functional platforms, the municipal Science and Technology Commission learned from the experience of establishing various bases and platforms such as key laboratories, engineering research centers and public service platforms, and has then focused on new trends of the global scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation, and the technological innovation, the transformation of economic industrial structure and government functions since 2013.
At the beginning of 2014, in order to further foster the functional platforms with international influence and to support the development of Shanghai into a science and innovation center, the municipal Science and Technology Commission chose Shanghai Industrial μTechnology Research Institute (SITRI) to launch a pilot program. It takes the world-class institutions, such as IMEC in Belgium, as the benchmark, mainly focuses on the development of institutional mechanism reform, industry technology services and the gathering of high-end talents. On the basis of the SITRI pilot, they summarized the basic features of functional platforms and the characteristics and trends of science and technology development in Shanghai, and then made initial determination of the 18 platforms to be built. The commission and relevant departments followed the principal of exploring and researching at the same time, and promoted the construction of functional platforms. Meanwhile, through discussions and researches, they made in-depth investigation and learned from domestic and foreign relevant practical experience, and summed up the previous results of the pilot work, so as to find out the management mechanism that is suitable for the construction and development of Shanghai's functional platforms. On this basis, the Implementation Guideline was drafted, and got approved by the executive meeting of the municipal government on November 11th 2017 after three rounds of consultation with relevant departments and districts.
Two: Main contents of the “Implementation Guideline”
The “Implementation Guideline” consists of five parts and 14 items which include “Overall requirement and target,” “Basic function and layout,” “Management and operation mechanism,” “Investment and assessment model” and “Organization and guarantee mechanism.” Main content is as followed:
(1) To clarify the overall requirement and construction target
International experiences showed that a functional platform usually serves as a key indicator of technological innovation, innovation-driven economy and vitality of emerging industries for a country/region, as well as a significant backup to raise the core competency of its industries. The latest “Implementation Guideline” has made clear the government’s overall requirement and construction target. Firstly, the overall requirement. In line with the government’s strategy to prompt innovation-driven economic development and accelerate its pace in building the city into a technology and innovation center with global influence, the city should further transform government functions, make up its missing role in the market and promote the establishment of the functional platform as a key part of the city’s construction of its innovation system. It should go with a target to improve innovation and industry chains with an emphasis on prompting synergy between various innovation resources. Efforts should be made to support innovation in industrial research and development, to serve mass entrepreneurship and to guide industrial upgrading so as to notably raise the quality and capacity of the development of real economy. (Item One) Secondly, the construction target. During the 13th Five-Year Plan, the city aims to build a slew of functional platforms with comparatively strong influence and radiating capacity. These platforms should have strong service functions and be operated under new management mechanisms. The city will set up new scientific research organizations and foster new investment and assessment mechanisms so as to form a multi-layer, multi-functional and open platform system. The city will also gather and cultivate a batch of innovation enterprises, develop and strengthen several emerging industry clots with strategic importance, and create friendly business environment for innovation and start-up companies in order to backup the framework construction for the city’s target to build itself into a scientific innovation center with global influence. (Item Two)
(2) To strengthen basic functions and overall layout
Functional platforms will drive technology innovation and business incubation. The “Implementation Guideline” addressed basic functions and core capabilities of functional platforms. First, the guideline identified basic functions of the platforms. The government will promote resource allocation and industrial chain innovation, in order to support research and development of products as well as encourage innovation and entrepreneurship. Second, the guideline addressed core capabilities of the platforms. Regarding to the main process of technology innovation, the platforms should have the ability to formulate systematic solutions for transformation, research and development. The platforms should have the capability of product development and verification. Third, the guideline identified main direction of future development. The government will focus on strategic emerging industries and build a number of research and development functional platforms. A number of non-research and development functional platforms will also be formed for start ups in emerging industries.
(3) To make innovation on management mechanism
Functional platforms are platforms which connect industry and academy. For example, IMEC has its advanced research and development platform and high-level research talent team in semiconductor sector. The company collaborates with world-known companies such as Intel, Sony and Huawei to set up research and development bases. It is a good example as it promotes the transformation of scientific and technological achievements and helps enterprises to develop new technology, new products and new process. The guideline identified management and operating mechanism. First, the platforms will be led by the government. It will encourage different respondents to participate in the platforms. It will adhere to the non-profit organization positioning while establishing a market-oriented and professional mechanism. The government will introduce management mechanism. Second, the government will form a high-quality talent team. Social recruitment, employment management mechanism and introduction of talents from home and abroad will be applied to form a high quality team and gather more talents. Third, the government will promote science and technology resource sharing. It will guide the platforms to share innovative capabilities and resources, promote innovation and reduce the cost of innovation and entrepreneurship. At the same time, the government will enhance capabilities of existing scientific and research bases and upgrade functional platforms. Fourth, to establish an innovative cooperation network. In order to further improve industry influence, the government will adhere to international standards and strive to become an important hub of innovation.
(4)To specify the models of fiscal investment and performance assessment
Experience from developed countries abroad has shown us reference, that the functional platforms they built have changed the traditional ways in which projects are solely sponsored by the government. Instead they’ve explored and formed new mechanisms for management and investment. For example, in terms of fiscal investment, the government will follow the rule of “constant sponsorship at beginning, diminishing later on.” The IMEC project was initially invested by the government in the 1980s, but 30 years later, it turned out that government investment only accounted for around 20 percent of the total, with most of its operational costs sponsored by companies and institutions in the relevant industries. Therefore, the guideline has set rules for fiscal investment and performance assessment as below: first, specify the fiscal investment model. In one aspect, development of the platforms will be mainly sponsored by the city government, which will allocate funds from the special fund for the development of strategic emerging industries and take charge of them as special budget; the operational funds of the platform will be co-arranged by the city and district governments, of which the city government will allocate from the special funds for science and innovation plan, while the funds from the district government should not be lower than the fiscal investment from the city government (Item Ten). On the other hand, the pilot institutions will help sponsor the platforms’ development. That is, to build the models of fiscal investment and management echoing the principles for innovation and led by quality and performance assessment, which is targeted at fulfilling the tasks and retaining constant sponsorship. Explore the “diminishing” model for fiscal investment, encourage the platforms to continuously enhance their abilities for market services and approval (Item Ten). Meanwhile, the government will guide the platforms to synergize resources and attract funds from the society, realizing benign interactions with the society and industries and sustainable development (Item Eleven). Second, take the contract-based management and assessment model. Set the targets for the development of this platform and its content, fiscal investment and assessment items by signing contracts. Designate professional institutions to assess the results of development, and place emphasis on common technology services, commercialization of research findings, development of start ups, talent training and university-industry cooperation. The assessment results should be directly linked with fiscal investment and follow-up supports (Item Twelve).
(5) To strengthen organization support and synergies between district and municipal governments
The construction of the research & development transformation functional platforms shall leverage all resources and capabilities from different departments and district government agencies.
Firstly, the implementation opinion stipulated that the construction of the research & development transformation functional platforms shall have a strong leadership. A unified work group consisting of Shanghai Municipal Science and Technology Commission, Shanghai Economic and Informatization Commission, Shanghai Development and Reform Commission and Shanghai Finance Bureau and Shanghai Science Center will be in charge of the planning, selection, organization, construction, and assessment of the functional platforms. (Item Thirteen) Secondly, the implementation opinion also urges a stronger synergies between district and municipal government agencies. The construction of the functional platform shall face the demand of regional development and shall be co-sponsored by both the district and city level government agencies. Each functional platform shall, in principle, be built on the support of the district and the area where the platform is located shall be provided with supporting facilities such as funds, space, venues, introduction of talents, medical institutions and education facilities. (Item Fourteen)
Three: Next step work arrangement
The guideline would come into effect on February 1. The priorities for the next step work arrangement includes:
(1) To strengthen the promotion and publicity of the “Implementation Guideline."
The publicity and promotion of the implementation opinion shall cover various districts and counties, colleges and institutes, enterprises and the community through all kinds of media channels; at the same time the city shall also strengthen the promotion of best practice cases to improve the construction of functional platforms so as for the whole society to raise awareness about the functional platforms.
(2) To formulate corresponding management methods and implementation rules. In accordance with the "Implementation Guideline" the city shall put forward the objectives and requirements and to do our utmost to implement the "Implementation Guideline" and to pay close attention to the development of appropriate management practices and implementation details.
(3) To promote the selection and construction for the functional platforms as soon as possible.
Leverage the whole city’s power and capability to focus on bio-pharmaceutical industry, new material industry, the new generation of information technology industry, advanced manufacturing and innovation and entrepreneurship services and other fields.
Speed up the cultivation and construction of a number of globally influential functional platforms that will make it an important vehicle for enhancing the city's science and technology innovation capacity and prosperity, innovation and entrepreneurship, and effectively exert the important role of "four major pillars and eight major supportive measures" in building Shanghai into a science and technology innovation center with global influence.