Press Release for January 4, 2018 Municipal Government Media Briefing
January 08, 2018
The Information Office of Shanghai Municipality held a media briefing today (January 4) and Shanghai Vice Mayor Shi Guanghui gave an introduction about “Shanghai’s Master Development Plan (2017-2035).” Xu Yisong, director of the Shanghai Planning, Land and Resources Administration, Wang Sizheng, counsel at the Shanghai Municipal Development & Reform Commission and Cen Fukang, vice director of the Shanghai Planning, Land and Resources Administration joined Shi at the conference and took questions from the media.
On December 15, the State Council approved in principle “Shanghai’s Master Development Plan (2017-2035)” (Shortened as “Shanghai 2035”). Guided by Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese characteristics for a New Era, “Shanghai 2035” has adhered to the spirits of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China and put forward to the concept of innovative, coordinated, green, open and shared development. By clarifying Shanghai’s general target through 2035 with longer term vision till 2050, its development model and goals as well as key measures to be taken to facilitate the growth, the master plan has painted a rosy picture for the city’s future development.
The Shanghai government held its sixth work conference on land planning on May 6,2014, officially unveiling the drafting of Shanghai’s master development plan. Over the past three years, the government has adopted an opened-minded approach during the entire process. Related state departments offered guidance through the whole process, the city government set up a designated office to lead its work, related provinces and cities in the Yangtze River Delta region and various city and district level departments all got involved in whilst local residents were encouraged to give their advice and suggestion through various channels such as WeChat, Internet, mail and personal visit. About 100 experts and scholars from universities and research organizations from both home and abroad participated to ensure drafting of the master plan to be conducted in a more scientific way.
According to the master plan, Shanghai, as one of the country’s municipalities which is positioned as the core city in the Yangtze River Delta urban clusters, an international economic, financial, trade and shipping center, a technology and innovation center, an international cultural metropolis and a renowned historic and cultural city, will be built into an excellent global city and a modern socialist international metropolis with global influence. Shanghai will strive to be a leader in conducting reforms in a new era and a pioneer in promoting innovation-driven development, serve proactively the country’s Belt and Road initiative as well as the Yangtze River Economic Belt strategy, stick to people-centered, sustainable development philosophy, harmonious co-existence between human and nature and ensure and improve wellness of the people along with development. The city will further sharpen its competitiveness in a couple of fields including branding and talent and strive to build itself into an excellent global city, a highly anticipated innovative, humanistic and eco-friendly metropolis with global influence.
The plan has specifically set Shanghai’s target visions:
By the upcoming 2020, Shanghai will build up the framework for being a science and technology center with global influence, and will basically become a socialist modern metropolis which is an international economic hub, financial, commercial and shipping hub. Shanghai will contribute its efforts at a higher level to China’s steps into an all-round well-off society.
Looking into 2035, Shanghai will basically become an excellent global city, which is an innovative, humanistic and eco-friendly socialist modern metropolis with global influence. Shanghai will keep being the vanguard in performing China’s reform and opening-up policy and lead the nation’s innovation and development by keeping key development indicators at global leading level.
The year 2050 will witness Shanghai’s realization of being an excellent global city, which is an innovative, humanistic and eco-friendly socialist modern metropolis with global influence. All of the key development indicators will be at the leading league globally, ensuring the city will help China become a wealthy, democratic, civilized, harmonious and beautiful socialist modern country, help the Chinese nation fulfill the great rejuvenation “China dream.”
The plan proposes the city to change its development model. Shanghai will stick to the principles of “restraint, advanced development, flexible”, exploring new models to fit into the sustainable development of a densely populated megacity. The city will firmly hold the bottom lines covering population, construction land, environment and safety. By 2035 Shanghai’s population will be limited to 25 million, tightly controlling the number of permanent residents to ease the conflict between fast population growth and limited resources and environment. The total land area allocated for construction will be limited to 3,200 square kilometers, which represents a negative growth to keep the construction land within a set range. Meanwhile Shanghai will keep monitoring the environment, ensuring the ecological land will keep growing to protect urban ecology. Shanghai will also keep monitoring the city’s production safety and operational safety, keep enhancing its abilities to react to emergencies and recover. In addition, it will enhance the protection on historic and cultural sites, sticking to the principles of “protecting as a whole, protect actively and protect with stringent rules,” mainly to protect and save historic buildings instead of tearing down and develop new real estate, and to continuously expand the protection range. The city will be continuously updated to serve people better by more various functions and more advanced spaces, focusing more on synergies among districts and communes, focusing more on inheritance, cultural protection and building up the city’s charms, focusing more on better utilization of urban spaces and energy saving. Meanwhile the city should reserve some competence on allocating public resources, reserve some land to be ready to face uncertainties on economic development and population growth in the future, to leave enough space for the future development.
The master development plan seeks to optimize the city's urban space structure. To actively serve the Belt and Road Initiative and the development strategy of the Yangtze River Economic Belt, Shanghai would seek to merge and integrate with other parts of the Yangtze River Delta region and seek synergies with nearby cities and regions. Shanghai will make proactive efforts in promoting development in great synergy with neighboring cities to build the Shanghai area into a world-class urban cluster.
Meanwhile, the city will boost its urban and rural development under a new framework and to optimize the urban space structure, which mainly consists of one core area (central parts of the city), two axes (Huangpu River and Yan’an Road-Century Avenue), and four supportive wings (Hongqiao, Chuansha, Baoshan and Minhang). In terms of urban space structure, the city would have multiple corridors, core areas as well as circular space.
One core area and two axes mean the central parts of the city and the Huangpu River and Yan’an Road-Century Avenue while the four supportive wings would be Hongqiao, Chuansha, Baoshan and Minhang areas to enhance the city's main functional level and to build a world class core urban area.
Multiple corridors, core areas as well as circular space means the city would strengthen corridors along the Yangtze River and Huangpu River and the railway/highway connecting Shanghai and Nanjing, Shanghai and Hangzhou as well as Shanghai and Huzhou. It will also optimize the service function of new cities include five key comprehensive nodes include Jiading, Songjiang, Qingpu, Fengxian and Nanhui.
It would also continue to foster key new towns with functional concentration, construct urban areas shared by public service facilities, implement the strategy of rural rejuvenation and achieve regional coordination, urban-rural co-ordination and space optimization.
At the same time it would optimize the public activity scheme consisting of four levels, namely the core down town areas, sub city centers, regional centers and community centers on top of the city structure and the city space planning.
Core downtown areas, as defined in the blueprint, will mainly include Little Lujiazui, the Bund, People’s Square and Xujiahui while the 16 sub-centers around the city would include nine downtown sub-centers, five new town centers and two core town centers in Jinshan Binhai and Chongming Chengqiao.
According to the blueprint, Shanghai aims to become an excellent global city, an international economic, finance, trade, shipping and scientific innovation center, as well as a cultural metropolis.
The city will also make efforts to improve the influence of international financial functions and the radiation level of international trade services, enhance its ability to radiate the global economy, deepen the reform and innovation in the China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade Zone, and explore the construction of a free trade port.
Leveraging the Shanghai Zhangjiang Comprehensive National Science Center as a core, the city will make its way towards a science and technology innovation center with global influence and to deepen the construction of the Pudong transportation, Hongqiao traffic and Yangshan deep-water port international hub, to create a more open international hub portal. The city will further improve business environment to enhance the city’s strength and core competitiveness. The city will create an attractive environment for employment and entrepreneurship, in order to ensure the development of advanced manufacturing. Shanghai will strive to become an international cultural metropolis as well as improve city image. Shanghai also aims to turn itself into an international fashion and design city and a world-famous city for tourism. To further strengthen its public transport network, the city plans to form a transportation system which consists of three 1,000-kilometer rail transit systems. Almost every new town with a population of more than 100,000 people will be covered by the rail transit system.
According to the master plan, Shanghai is going to build itself into a city with charming, humanity and good living environment for citizens to improve their happiness and create more comfortable living conditions. The city will establish a 15-minute walk community for citizens to improve the environment for living, employment and personal mobility. About 99 percent of community-level public service facilities will be reached by residents within a 15-minute walk. Shanghai will also accelerate its pace in building a housing system that encourages both house purchases and renting. More efforts will be made to ensure rental supply from multiple sources. The city will add more public spaces such as squares and parks to establish a high-quality public space network. The city will build 226 riverside regions to form a green-belt with length of around 2,000 kilometers as well as establish public open areas along Huangpu River and Suzhou Creek to attract more cultural projects gathering there. More high-quality public open areas such as cultural, educational, sports and wellness facilities will be built in the city. At least one university or college will be located in each new town and sub-center. The government will also build city-level sports facilities to optimize the city’s functional layout, in order to build an international health and leisure, medical services and science and innovation center. Every new town should have at least one city-level hospital.
The plan also pointed out that Shanghai will make the city more ecologically sustainable. The government will focus on safety of the city’s eco-system to improve life quality. The city will form an eco-system as well as build Chongming Island into a world-class Eco-Island. By 2035, forest coverage will rise to 23 percent and there will be more than 13 square meters of public parks or green land for each resident on average. A green, low-carbon development model will be fostered to reduce carbon-emission levels and more endeavors will be made to protect the ocean, air, water and soil. The city also strives to improve air quality. By 2035, average density of PM2.5 will be limited to about 25 micrograms per cubic meter. The city will also strengthen the prevention and control of disaster, from early warning to space provided for prevention and rescue. The city will improve its capability to resist natural disasters such as flood, land subsidence, energy supply and other public emergencies.
The master plan has made it clear that the city will innovate on its ways of governance. The focus is to improve the city’s ability of governing and enhance facilitation to make the plan more implementable, more practical and more effective. The framework will be based on one core functional area, and be represented mainly by the general urban plan and the overall plan of land use to coordinate space allocation and to synchronize all different plans to realize “one plan, one blueprint.” The city will also optimize policies and regulations to strengthen support from targeted and comprehensive rules. It will study and make targeted policies for key areas and key regions, while improve the coordination between different government departments and different regions. At the same time, the city will innovate on the ways of governance. It has set up red lines to protect the ecosystem, the arable land, urban development as well as urban culture in a bid to create a governance system characterized by “three space slots and four red lines.” It has ensured that the urban-town space will be kept and farm lands won’t be occupied. The city will also encourage social participation based on the principle of “government guided, market operated and socially participated” to accelerate the extensive interaction of the government, society and citizens. It can create a good environment that benefits the implementation of the plan. The city will also construct a facilitation system based on big data and digitized platforms to monitor, evaluate and maintain the implementation of the plan.
For the next step, Shanghai will strive to keep the plan authoritative, and realize it with firm determination. Exploring on the innovative ways of urban governance, the city should guide and mobilize all social resources to implement and supervise the plan, in order to enhance the governance in a more scientific, refined and intelligent way until an orderly and full realization of the blueprint.